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  5. "Ni estas viroj kaj patroj."

"Ni estas viroj kaj patroj."

Translation:We are men and fathers.

May 31, 2015


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Can patroj mean parents or only fathers?

June 4, 2015


"parents" is "gepatroj"

June 7, 2015


But there is no word for parent, right?

July 18, 2015


Wouldn't it be gepatro?

July 22, 2015


Gepatro isn't technically correct, because Ge means a group of mixed genders, but it is widely used, and would be understood.

July 30, 2015


Additionally, if you don't want to use "gepatro" in singular, you can say "unu el la gepatroj" (one of the parents) or something like that.

January 24, 2017


For Esperantists who use a suffix to indicate male gender, the unmarked noun is understood to be neutral gender. In that case, 'patroj' would mean 'parents' and 'patroiĉoj' would mean fathers. But that would be gender reformed Esperanto and not standard.

August 2, 2015


Well, it would be "patriĉoj", as the "-iĉo" ending replaces the "-o" in "patro", but yes.

It's not standard, but this is one aspect of reformed Esperanto that I wish would catch on. I think it's very useful in removing ambiguity in cases when you may wish to use a "gender-neutral" version of a word as well as a "male-specific" version. "Bovoj" being used to refer collectively to cows and bulls of either sex (whereas "traditional" Esperanto would read it as "bulls") comes to mind, as there's no easy way to really do that in English.

June 2, 2016


This was two years ago but I'm searching through the forums and I can't agree more!

January 15, 2019


Only fathers.

January 23, 2016


Is this a famous quote from something/someone? It kinda seems like one.

May 31, 2015


Why is it being pronounced as ''patroi" while it's ''patroj"? Is 'j' pronounced as 'i' in Esperanto?

October 19, 2015


from the "Tips notes" (that can be found when using the web version):

-oj is pronounced like the English oy, and the pronunciation of -aj is like the English eye.

October 23, 2015


I wish the tips and notes would be available in the app too... :/

February 7, 2016


Yea, that's why I prefer using my computer to complete the lessons.

June 20, 2016


"j" is like in Russian "й" - "патрой"

July 10, 2016


Bonan, sed ni ne parolas Rusion.

February 25, 2017


I'm only one, so far.

June 1, 2015


why isn't it "virojn" and "patrojn"? If they're the objects of the sentence, aren't they supposed to have the suffix -n?

August 14, 2016


It doesn't apply to t̶r̶a̶n̶s̶i̶t̶i̶v̶e̶ linking verbs like 'to be.' They aren't direct objects receiving the action as there is none. (Edit - They're called subject compliments in English grammar, but they're not acted upon by the subject so they aren't objects that are affected by the verb. Basically linking verbs are a type of intransitive verb.)

September 6, 2016


> transitive verbs like 'to be.

"Esti" is a linking verb (or "descriptive," PMEG calls it a "priscriba verbo").

September 19, 2016


I thought they were the same. I should probably learn English first. :)

September 20, 2016


That's the great thing, you'll learn more English grammar too.

Esperanto's monotransitive verbs take an object that ends with -n.

English also has ditransitive verbs with two positional objects (he told me everything), Esperanto doesn't. One object gets the -n role and the other uses a preposition.

September 20, 2016


I believe fathers would imply men

October 18, 2016


I always mess up ni as in we with ne which means no... Any suggestions for that and how I can stop?

August 28, 2017



We are the knights who say NI!

August 28, 2017


All of the pronouns end in "-i": mi, ni, vi, ili, li, ŝi, ĝi, oni, ci. That might help you remember.

August 31, 2019


This sounds like a motivational speech

January 28, 2018


Ne, Mi estas via patro.

March 4, 2018


Last two words in the recording sound like gepatroj, but "guypatroy"

January 27, 2019


Yeah, I agree. Instead of “ni estas viro kaj patroj” but it sounded like “ni estas viro gepatroj.” Which would mean “we are men parents.” I thought maybe Duolingo messed up and meant to say “We are male parents” but no. The speakers need to be updated.

September 7, 2019
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