1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Esperanto
  4. >
  5. Resources for etymology of Es…


Resources for etymology of Esperanto words?

Saluton! First of all, I would like to thank the developers of the Esperanto course. I'm having a lot of fun.

Are there any good (preferably English) resources out there for better understanding the etymology of the words we are presented with in this course? A lot of the words make sense already, but I don't know any latin languages at a high enough level to make sense of every word. An example I recently ran into is "kuniklo".


May 31, 2015



Esperanto Etymological Dictionary by Andras Rajki, a Word document, you can download free: https://archive.org/details/EsperantoEtymologicalDictionary.

May 31, 2015


I'd recommend the Konciza Etimologia Vortaro, which can be bought here: http://katalogo.uea.org/katalogo.php?inf=6912

And the dictionary usually just has what languages the word comes from, so you don't need to know much Esperanto to understand that. :)

May 31, 2015


There was a multi-volume etymological dictionary published a number of years ago. As far as I know it's currently out-of-print, although Esperanto-USA still lists it in their catalog. That leads me to believe if there's enough demand for it, there might be another printing. Sadly, I don't own a copy, but I have a friend who does.


May 31, 2015


I'm your friend! I have Vilborg and the other one...

June 16, 2016


I would recommend wikitionary it always has them

May 31, 2015


This is what I use for both etymologies and as a general dictionary. I find it especially useful for when I come across words that are not in my native English so finding etymologies help with finding a middle ground. Voli ("to want/wish") is one I was just struggling with. Voli comes from the German "wollen" which is a cognate of the Modern English "will" through the Middle English "willen". They sometimes give multiple etymologies, like for Voli, as it also says it comes from the Italian "volere", which in itself comes from the Latin "volo". Another, albeit indirect cognate.

October 28, 2017


It's always good to double check these things in a published dictionary such as vortaro.net

November 20, 2017


Fun fact: "Kuniklo" comes from Latin "cuniculus", which means "rabbit". Some modern cognates/distant cousins would be Italian "coniglio", Spanish "conejo", and Portuguese "coelho".

July 19, 2019
Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.