"La libro estas granda."

Translation:The book is big.

May 31, 2015



This one drives Spanish speakers insane.

May 31, 2015


Verdad. Libro es masculino, pero la ¨la¨ es femenino

May 31, 2015


Hi Nick, "la" It works with both gender, either female gender or male.

la domo. = The house = La casa

la taverno. = The tavern = La taberna

I hope to have you helped If there are doubts or mistakes please comment

Greetings and luck


June 2, 2015


He was talking about spanish. In spanish you say "El libro" but in esperanto you say "La libro". Quite confusing.

June 7, 2015


I think Christian was pointing out that "la" is not feminine in Esperanto which is something they will have to get over in this language.

June 18, 2015

  • 1968

That's the thing, though. Esperanto does not have grammatical gender.

April 20, 2017


sí, me vuelvo loca a veces :)))

August 9, 2016


And Italian and French speakers. Edit: Romance languages

March 3, 2016


true that xD

June 26, 2015


i mean "la" just generally drives me insane

September 17, 2016



August 13, 2016


Why is it "libro" instead of "libron?"

June 11, 2015

[deactivated user]

    Because the book is the subject (not object).

    June 13, 2015


    A necessary stupid question, but what is the difference between the subject and object?

    February 22, 2016

    • 1968

    If I have a book then I is the subject, the one that has, and a book is the direct object, the thing that is had. Only active verbs can have direct objects (these are called transitive verbs) but not all active verbs take direct objects (these are called intransitive verbs). Some verbs can be either, depending on context.

    Examples of transitive verbs:
    He eats an apple. (He is the subject, doing the eating; an apple is the direct object, being eaten)
    They finished their homework. (They is the subject, doing the finishing; their homework is the direct object, being finished)

    Examples of intransitive verbs:
    We swim. (We is the subject, doing the swimming)
    You will fall. (You is the subject, doing the falling)

    Not all verbs are active. to be is what's called a copula, a stative verb, or a linking verb. This kind of verb takes a subject complement. That is, whatever comes after the verb serves to describe the subject.

    Examples of stative verbs:
    She looks tired. (tired describes the subject she)
    The cake smells delicious. (delicious describes the subject the cake)

    February 22, 2016


    "I love me." "I" is the subject of the verb "love" and is doing the loving. "Me" is the object of the love of the subject.

    February 22, 2016


    Is that how you tell if you add an "-n" to the end? If it's the subject it's libron but if its the object it's libro? (:

    November 3, 2015

    • 1968

    Other way around. With no marking, it's nominative or dative. With the -n suffix, it's accusative.

    November 3, 2015


    I accidentally typed "The book is book."

    August 14, 2015


    You're not wrong

    July 23, 2017


    Wow, XD.

    January 30, 2016



    March 14, 2017


    I did the same thing too. Lol

    August 1, 2017


    When do you know to put -o and when to put -on? I'm totally confused, please try to explain as simply as possible.

    September 5, 2015

    • 1968

    -o is the ending for all nouns. -n is the accusative ending, which means it's the direct object.

    La libro estas granda. - The book is big. Here, "book" is the subject.
    Mi havas la libron. - I have the book. Here "book" is the direct object.

    October 28, 2015


    Thanks Rae.F! This will help me so much!

    March 25, 2016


    Harry Potter? Encyclopedia? Dictionary? ;D

    March 3, 2016


    When do you use the -n in Esperanto?

    June 15, 2017

    • 1968

    The -n suffix marks the accusative case, which most of the time is the direct object of a transitive verb. It is the thing that receives the action.

    Mi amas lin. I love him. Whom do I love? Who is loved?
    Li amas min. He loves me. Whom does he love? Who is loved?

    Verbs like "esti" aren't even transitive/intransitive, as that only applies to active verbs. Verbs like "esti" are stative verbs. They serve to compare or equate the subject with the predicate. What comes after the verb receives no action, but rather relates back to the subject.

    La libro estas granda. The book is big. How would you describe the book?

    In Esperanto, you can also turn adjectives into verbs. "La libro grandas" is equivalent to "La libro estas granda".

    June 15, 2017


    Thank you! Can it also be used for a plural?

    June 15, 2017

    • 1968

    I'm not sure which part you're referring to, but yes.

    Mi legas la libron. I read the book.
    Mi legas la librojn. I read the books.

    La libro grandas. The book is big.
    La libroj grandas. The books are big.

    June 15, 2017


    Thank you once again! I appreciate the help. :)

    June 15, 2017


    Lord of rings

    July 8, 2017


    after learning italian this gets confusing xD

    August 4, 2015


    Granda looks to similar to Grandma. I'm sorry. XD.

    January 30, 2016


    I think of it like grand, like big

    April 14, 2016


    This sounds like it is talking about Lord of the Rings!

    May 7, 2016


    Why isn't it libron? the book is the subject of the sentence.

    September 1, 2016

    • 1968

    The subject is in the nominative case.

    The -n suffix is only for the accusative case. If a noun phrase is the direct object of a verb, then you would put it in the accusative.

    Mi legas libron = I read a book.
    Here, "libron" is the direct object of "legas". It is the thing being read.

    "Mi" is the subject, so it is "mi" and not "min".

    Mi amas vin = I love you.
    Vin amas mi = I love you.
    Vi amas min = You love me.
    Min amas vi = You love me.

    September 1, 2016
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