https://www.duolingo.com/TJLawJX

Accusative seems confusing to me

I don't know why but for some reason that accusative Esperanto course really kicks my arse. Does anyone have additional resources that I can read to help me understand the accusative usage in sentences a little better?

3 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/pseudocreobotra

Hm, forming the accusative in Esperanto is really easy. You just take the nominative form (that's the normal form of a word, for example viro) and add an -n at the end (viron). This is also done to adjectives belonging to the noun.

It's a bit more complicated to understand when the accusative is used if you haven't studied a language with different cases so far. But actually, it's most of the time just the object of an action. You can ask questions to find the accusative. This page here explains it a bit more in-detail: https://anthroyogini.wordpress.com/2014/01/29/learning-esperanto-accusative-case-and-that-pesky-n/

For example: I eat a yellow apple. - What do I eat? A yellow apple. - Mi mangxas flavan pomon. (sorry, no Esperanto keyboard yet to get that letter right)

The man kisses a woman. - Who does the man kiss? A woman. - La viro kisas virinon.

Disclaimer: I'm just a learner myself despite trying my best to give an understandable answer and correct examples... Please correct me if I got something wrong.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TJLawJX

Very nice post, Thank you for the help!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MollyAFM

Are you talking about the -n endings (sorry I don't know much about the names of grammar things!)? A link that really helped me with that was http://www.esperanto.ie/en/zaft/zaft_16.html

Basically, if there is something that receives the action, it takes the "-n" ending.

I hope this is what you're talking about :P

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TJLawJX

Yes that is what I was referring to, I tend to misplace the -n. Thanks for the link. I will take a look at it.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/no.name.42
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Think of the words "me" and "I." Basically "me" is in the accusative. I think the biggest difference is that you don't use the accusative if a preposition is in front of the noun.

I hope this helps.

3 years ago
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