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https://www.duolingo.com/Fetorulo

When does one use "ĉu", and what exactly does it mean?

I'm struggling like hell in the questions lesson because I cannot for the life of me figure out how to use ĉu and ĉi correctly, or when they're even supposed to be used.

There's a ton of smart people on this forum, could one of you please try explaining it to me?

3 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/junelac
junelac
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ĉu is for building questions when their answers are yes or no.

Ekz:

"do you close the door ?" can be answered by yes or no so it takes a ĉu : "ĉu vi fermas la pordon ?"

"When will he come?" can't be answered by yes or no, so it doesn't takes a "ĉu" : kiam li venos ?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fetorulo

What about ĉi? There's a sentence in the lesson, "Ĉi tiuj aŭtoj estas bonaj." and I can't figure out why ĉi is there or what it means. I find the sentence perfectly understandable without it, so I have no idea what it adds to the sentence.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/junelac
junelac
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"I copy paste the best explanation I have :

=============================

The particle ĉi can be added to give a feeling of proximity to the speaker; the particle for can also be added (though this is less often done) to show distance from the speaker. Traditionally, ĉi is usually placed immediately before the T- word to which it is attached; often, it is placed immediately after. This is not, however, absolutely necessary.

EXAMPLES

<pre> tiu libro = that book ĉi tiu libro = this book (most common usage). tiu ĉi libro = this book tiu libro ĉi = this book (unusual usage) tiu libro for = yonder book tiam = then ĉi tiam = now (synonym of ) tiam ĉi = now tiam for = distant in time (uncommon usage) </pre>

==============================

In my native language there is no difference between that and this so I was also confused at the beginning

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fetorulo

Tre helpema klarigo, dankon!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Don_Cristian
Don_Cristian
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do you know how to use that same word in portuguese ? maybe some native could explain :D

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/temrix
temrix
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The word means “if” or “whether” in English. In German the translation is “ob” and in Russian “ли”.

3 years ago