When does one use "ĉu", and what exactly does it mean?
I'm struggling like hell in the questions lesson because I cannot for the life of me figure out how to use ĉu and ĉi correctly, or when they're even supposed to be used.
There's a ton of smart people on this forum, could one of you please try explaining it to me?
"I copy paste the best explanation I have :
The particle ĉi can be added to give a feeling of proximity to the speaker; the particle for can also be added (though this is less often done) to show distance from the speaker. Traditionally, ĉi is usually placed immediately before the T- word to which it is attached; often, it is placed immediately after. This is not, however, absolutely necessary.
tiu libro = that book ĉi tiu libro = this book (most common usage). tiu ĉi libro = this book tiu libro ĉi = this book (unusual usage) tiu libro for = yonder book tiam = then ĉi tiam = now (synonym of ) tiam ĉi = now tiam for = distant in time (uncommon usage)</pre>
In my native language there is no difference between that and this so I was also confused at the beginning