No one would say this in English under normal conditions. In general, people don't attribute actions or sensory experiences to the body parts involved. Does anyone say "My leg kicked the ball.", or "My ears aren't hearing that."? No. They say "I kicked the ball" or "I'm not hearing that."
This may be the case, but while I try to cut the DuoLingo crew a large amount of slack given the nature of the site, I still feel that to the extent possible, the content for any language program should reflect patterns of communication that are likely to be encountered or used. Sure, while there is a hymnal verse that goes "Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord", I don't feel it would be a good phrase to use before more common patterns have been thoroughly explored. Learners of any subject have a limited bandwidth. To establish solid foundations, learners will almost always make better progress by being introduced to material that they are more likely to interact with repeatedly. Obscure phrases that aren't in anything approaching common use do not do this.
I understand your criticism, but this exercise was based on a Portuguese sentence, and as non-native speakers how can we be sure that a particular way of saying things in Portuguese is common or not. The judgement certainly can't be based on the correctness of the literal translation to English.
Actually, I agreed with your initial comment, stupidly, I didn't resist the temptation to give an example of this usage in English, the fact that I had to go to the Bible to find one only strengthens your point about the English translation.