Can someone help me understand the sentence structure for this example? Why do I desperately want to place "an madra" at the end of the sentence when forming this in my head? I'm guessing it has something to do with the "in" trouble part rather than the dog having trouble or trouble at the dog (ag/ar).
So, tá is the verb. It comes first. Here, an madra is the subject, meaning it will follow the verb. the i dtrioblóid is the rest of the sentence, so comes after that. So, yes, it has to do with the i as opposed to trouble being 'at' or 'on' the dog, in which case it'd be Tá trioblóid ar an madra.
This sentence structure confuses me. Could someone explain?
For starters, why what I thought was the disjunctive form é rather than sé?
I thought "always" was the prepositional phrase "i gcónaí"?
Finallly, what on earth is that word order doing? O_o Would it be bettter translated as something slightly diffferent from "That dog is always in trouble" (maybe emphasis somewhere)?
madra is a masculine noun. Only feminine nouns are lenited after the definite article an (in the nominative case).
Duolingo, for some reason, failed to post my reply and I've lost it so I'll try again with a shorter response. "Tá" is how you express the present tense of "to be" in Irish. "Tá mé" means "I am", not "is me", so direct word-for-word translations can be misleading or unhelpful sometimes. If this were a question, it'd be "an bhfuil an madra i dtrioblóid?"