1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Esperanto
  4. >
  5. "Vi timas iri sola."

"Vi timas iri sola."

Translation:You are afraid of going alone.

June 2, 2015



shouldn't it be "sole" instead? it looks like adverb.


Mi iras sole. = I am going alone.

Mi iras sola. = I am alone while going.

You could say "Vi timas iri sole." which would have a slightly different meaning. In the context of "iri" the difference is closed to neglectable.

The following sentences maybe show it more clearly:

Li dancas sola. = He's alone somewhere in a room dancing.

Li dancas sole. = He's in a disco full of people on the crowded dancefloor dancing alone.


Wow, Esperanto can really condense sentences well sometimes.


no matter how i try i can't see adjective in phrase "Vi timas iri sola"


Actually, in English, it works. For example, "Calm and ready, I set out to win" or "I set out to win, calm and ready."

"Happy with my decision, I decided to leave it there."

It's true the adjective isn't acting in a way it normally does, but nonetheless, it still modifies the subject. Adverbs still modify the verb.


Adjectives modify nouns, so as an adjective, alone is modifying you, as it is you that is going alone. If it was an adverb, going would become modified, and it would no longer be you going alone but going while alone.


This explanation makes a lot of sense to me. Thanks.


Maybe that's a grammar feature of Esperanto, that you don't know from your other languages.


oh. other languages. didn't thought to check in russian. well now i got it, thanks.

but i still think that sole have to be correct answer.


Both are correct; in this case, the difference is too minor for it to really matter.


So if you were walking to the dance with other people and they were all couples, but you weren't, you would be "iri sola", but if it was just you walking to the dance, you would be "iri sole"?


both, but it is better to use sola, since it describes the subject.

Sola - You are alone while going. you don't have a partner. It describes you, not the action. It is an adjective. It equals "solo" in Spanish

Sole - You are going alone. But it also means that you are just, solely, only, uniquely going. It is an adverb. It equals "sólo" and "solamente" in Spanish. NOTE: Sole is often a synonym of "nur" in Esperanto, which only means just, only and exclusively. Nur doesn't mean alone, while sole apparently does.


I posted "Cxu "sole" kaj "nur" estas sinonimoj?" in a facebook esperanto group and this person facebook.com/csy.mun.7 commented this:

(http://www.reta-vortaro.de/revo/) : En multaj okazoj la vortoj «nur» kaj «sole» estas samvaloraj: nur li (aŭ li sole) estas kulpa. Sed ambaŭ ne estas ĉiuokaze samsignifaj kaj indiferente uzeblaj: li nur promenis signifas: li ne faris alion ol promeni; li sole promenis povas signifi: li promenis izole, estante sola aŭ: li, inter la ceteraj, estis la sola, kiu promenis. En tiu ĉi lasta senco la frazeto egalvaloras kiel: nur li promenis. Tamen estas konsilinde, pro klareco, uzi la esprimon li sole promenis nur en la unua signifo. Zamenhof uzis ofte la esprimon «sole nur».


It's dangerous to go alone. Take this.


Where does 'timas' come from?


In English, the cognate is "timid".


Wow! Yes! Never saw that coming...thanks!


It comes from latin, timeo.


What's the difference between timi and timiĝi?


Timi - to be scared

Timiĝi - to become scared


This sentence is terrifying.


Estas danĝere iri sole!


Prenu ĉi tion!


It might be "ĉi tiun" in this case since we're referring to a specific object. Not 100% sure though.


It's an abstract concept.


Could you also just say "tion"?

  • 1007

Why not "You scare to go alone"? Reporting it but I might be wrong which is why I'm asking...


Scare is "timigi."

  • 1007

Yes, I see, thanks!


It's not natural English; while it is possible to use "scare" intransitively, I've only ever heard it as part of the phrase "to scare easily". Usually, someone seeing "You scare" would expect an object to follow, something being scared by you.

  • 1007

Got it! Thanks!


Into that house that we heard of before? I would be too.


Are "vi timas iri sola" and "vi estas tima iri sola" the same? I'm not quite grasping conjugating adjectives.


Not sure why it was marked as incorrect. I have the same answer as the "correct" one. However, I can't state that my answer was correct when I click on the "Report a problem" button.

Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.