https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NovemberQuinn

What is the most beautiful/ poetic/ amusing Esperanto word you know?

Thanks to its extensive affix system, Esperanto lends itself to the creation of a staggering number of words never before seen in any other language, and often these words are so inventive and unintentionally beautiful that they give you a sense of childlike wonder when you first encounter them.

It seems that children are really good at coming up with these words, too. I read the article on wikipedia about native Esperanto-speakers and they would often come up with novel ways of saying words they do not know that end up being unintentionally amusing or poetic. Here are some of my favourites:

malsandviĉiĝis: 'to become (a shape) which isn't a sandwich anymore' (sandviĉ-iĝis 'became a sandwich', of a brother playing with cushions)

malstelita: 'not surrounded by stars' (of the moon; from stelita 'starred')

So how about you? What's the most beautiful/poetic/amusing/unusually specific Esperanto word you've ever come across or invented? I'd love to know! :)

June 2, 2015

35 Comments

Sorted by top thread

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jcreed

Maybe this is the opposite of what you're asking for (delightfully big and winding kunmetitojn of affixes) but I've always loved the feeling of the opposite extreme --- being aesthetically surprised by the use of single affixes as standalone words, "ree" = "again/repeatedly", "malo" = "opposite", "ano" = "member", "ero" = "little bit of something", "eco" = "quality", "eblo" = "possibility", "aĉa" = "terrible"

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jcreed

(also "kialo" = "reason", "ĉiama" = "eternal", "iama" = "occasional/sometime/erstwhile", "iomete" = "somewhat" are great constructions out of the correlatives, and "kabeintulo" = "person who has forsaken an interest they were once enthusiastic about" and "volapukaĵo" are strikingly... apartena speciale al esperantujo)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/balou67

(-int-ul- is a pleonasm. Kabeinto. Ĉu kabeemulo estas kabeanto aŭ kabeonto? Eble rekabeanto :D ) Yes, that's so cool. Esperanto is a genius game for children, that makes grown-ups have fun too.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jcreed

oops, you're correct, thanks!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/miacomet

Those are my favorite too. I love seeing words like "fiaĉulo," "ebleco" or "iomete" that are made entirely of particles and affixes but look and work like proper words.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ISpeakAlien

What exactly would umi mean?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/flootzavut

ljamreĝidoj - the children of the llama king!

I'm sure there are others that will come back to me, but that one (from an article about Esperanto roots) springs to mind.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/flootzavut

Yup :D what can I say? It stuck ;)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Vanege

Bonantagulo

(slang, pejorative) someone whose Esperanto is limited to a few basic phrases like “bonan tagon”


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/balou67

Funny, I only knew "kielvifartasulo" :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/truelefty

That one is amazing XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ISpeakAlien

Can you really put pronouns in compound words?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/adromu

Ĉielarkulidinoj → The daughters of rainbowman. Just invented.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/truelefty

Cxielarkulinidinoj -> The daughters of rainbowwoman


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/balou67

Kajto estas folkmuzikgrupo el Nederlando. Ili estas sukcesaj en Esperantujo, kaj pluraj el iliaj kantoj estas famaj klasikaĵoj. Tohuvabohuo estas la titolo de unu el iliaj kantoj. Kunkantu legante la karaokeon :) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQLVW2yqajU


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kolego

maltrinki :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CviSolt

Krokodili and its derivatives: aligatori, kajmani, gaviali .. Krokodili - to crocodile - is to speak your national language between esperantists


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/miacomet

I know krokodili kaj aligatori, but what are kajmani and gaviali?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jcreed

http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reptiliumi ŝajne havas la tutan aron:

Kajmani is (laŭ tio) "in an esperanto-speaking context to speak a language that is the native language of nobody present" ("en Esperanta medio paroli lingvon alian ol Esperanton, kiu estas gepatra lingvo de neniu ĉeestanto")

Gaviali is "malkrokodili", to speak esperanto to someone when nobody else around can speak esperanto, maybe with the idea that you're trying deliberately not to be understood by them ("paroli Esperanton, kiam alia lingvo pli taŭgus" aŭ kun la signifo "uzi Esperanton por ke ĉeestantaj ne-Esperantistoj ne komprenu onin")


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ISpeakAlien

Kajmani is (laŭ tio) "in an esperanto-speaking context to speak a language that is the native language of nobody present"

I though that that is what aligatori means, but I'm probably wrong.

Gaviali is "malkrokodili", to speak esperanto to someone when nobody else around can speak esperanto, maybe with the idea that you're trying deliberately not to be understood by them

I do that quite frequently, hoping to teach people Esperanto.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DJ_Kunar

I am a native speaker of Esperanto but my favorite word is quite simple: muziko. :) (And yes, those who know me might have thought it would be "kafo", "ĉokolado" or "ukulelo"...)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ISpeakAlien

DJ_Kunar, you should be more active on Duolingo's Esperanto forum. I have been aware of you for quite a while and I would really appreciate if you would, for example, answer questions about your native language on here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DJ_Kunar

Thanks for the compliments! I dropped out of the forums once I started to use Duolingo on my mobile phone. I have to admit that I suffer a little bit from a "bored out" syndrome as the offer of language combinations does not fit my needs.

On the other hand, I get easily motivated to do things once I am flattered... what about organizing an unofficial "Ask Me Anything" in January? This way, we can have a very active thread with (hopefully) high-level content of a kind that you do not get easily as a learner.

I can easily imagine that my daily life with at least four languages every day is unusual for other people. ;) It's only that it keeps me very busy.


[deactivated user]

    Playing Skrablo is a good way to discover new never-before-seen words. http://skrablo.ikso.net/


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/flootzavut

    Ooooh that sounds like fun!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ISpeakAlien

    Tiu retejo diras, ke

    Bedaŭrinde ĉi tiu ludejo ne plu funkcias.

    Eble mi iam rekreos interretan skrablo-ludejon.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/truelefty

    For me, the best word is "Esperantisto" :) Mi tre sxatas gxin


    [deactivated user]

      ljamfurzego xdd


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ISpeakAlien

      I wonder how English-speaking Esperantistoj would react to being greeted by being told

      Kiel (kiom?) vi furzas?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RStoltzfoos

      Araneulo is my username on Memrise. Made it up myself.

      Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.