I wonder if "terminado" or "terminar" translates well to "terminate(d)" in English, versus the seeming default of "finish(ed)". For me, these are rather different concepts in English - to "finish" something indicates bringing the something to completion, while to "terminate" something suggests an abrupt halting of the something without any regard for its completion.
I would have to concur with you on this issue. The Spanish word "terminado" and the English word "terminate" are considered linguistic cognates; ergo, the system should except terminate as one of the possible answers - I am basing this logic on a linguistic fact, by the way (instead of my own arbitrary inclinations).
The year is currently 2015, and the problem seems to persist.
Lots of greek root words ending in -ma are masculine, which may make it a little easier to remember? El dogma. El drama. (the REAL curveball is "el alma" ... b/c alma is actually feminine ... but there's a pronunciation-based rule that applies. So plural is "las almas." Same with "el agua/las aguas") Good luck. :)
Do we have any native Spanish speakers here who can speak to whether 'terminado' should or should not be the word used when one means 'put an abrupt end to' rather than simply 'finished'?
In English, "He finished the program" implies "He completed the program", which could mean that 'the program' is something he created, like a computer program, or something he participated in, like a college degree program.
"He terminated the program" however has a much more specific use. It implies that he stopped the program before it was done, possibly (probably) while other people were still trying to complete it. It's conceivable if could be used for something people were creating (like a computer program) but much more likely to be used for something institutional that people were putting ongoing effort into working in or on (like a college degree program or a research project).
I would really like to know how a native speaker would idiomatically handle those two different meanings.
I'm a native English speaker, and I see you've been waiting for your native Spanish speaker for 2 years now. It's possible none will ever rise to the challenge.
Meanwhile, let's see what SpanishDict can offer. First, "poner fin a" is returned as the equivalent of "terminate." It translates roughly to, "to put a stop/end to." Obviously, "poner fin a" is a phrase rather than a single verb. Second, there are verbs that fit specific kinds of termination: (contracts) rescindir, (projects) suspender, (pregnancies) interrumpir, etc. Third, even though the verb "terminar" often translates to finish or end, rather than abruptly stop, you could easily convey that meaning through the use of adverbs. That's what I do as a native English speaker when speaking in my native tongue.
Lastly, I asked my Spanish speaking friend, RAE, about this topic. Apparently, "terminar" would work too.
You're right. The DL database has an American English bias, which only means that we would all benefit from clever Brits reporting the needed changes. (DL on the whole seems to tend toward inclusiveness, which is more apparent in the wild mix of Mexican, South American, Castillian, etc. Spanish we're learning here.)
I don't seem to be able to post to an existing post, so I am asking this as a new question. I looked up terminar on Spanishdict.com to try to find some clarification on this end/terminate vs finish question. Spanishdict had to end only as an intransitive verb, so I thought I might have an answer. But then I translate He has ended the program on Spanishdict.com and Google and all but one of the engines came up with Ha terminado el programa. Is él the actual subject of theses Spanish sentences, or is it El programa? I know the subject often follows the verb in Spanish.
Assuming it is ambiguous, which it essentially is whatever the subject as the pronoun can always be omitted, how can I clarify the ambiguity if I needed to. I know for finished I could substitute another verb like completar. But what verb could I use for to end that means that it ceases to exist or continue? Spanishdict.com seemed to suggest concluir which makes some sense, but it also means to finish. It also shows acabar con as meaning to eradicate when I looked up end. This seems a little extreme, although I know that there is also a Spanish verb erradicar which shares the more extreme meaning. Is El ha acaba con el programa a good translation for the meaning He has ended/terminated the program without the ambiguity of perhaps meaning finished? Or would it be as loaded as saying He has eradicated the program?
That's exactly what I thought. (Except for the fact that it is indeed masculine i.e. "El programa.") I have used "programa" for "show," and have even spoke with native Spanish speakers whom also use the word for "show," however, my sentence, "He has finished the show," was not accepted. :/
Terminated should be accepted. We do not know the context of the sentence. If it is referring to a student and, for instance, a learning program then "He has finished the program is correct. On the other hand if it is referring to a computer program that has been discontinued then "He has terminated the program is correct" Context is missing from Duolingo method of learning but nevertheless it is the best language training on the planet!