Translation:You asked for the sugar.
could this also mean "about the sugar"?
No, that would be: "Du spurgte om sukkeret."
so "bad" is "asked for", and "sprugte" is simply "asked"?
"at spørge" means to pose a question while "at bede" is more like to request / to ask for (and it also means to pray)
Dictionary definitions (in Danish):
at spørge (vb.)
at bede (vb.)