the accusative case means the direct object in the sentence structure. the dative case deals with the indirect objects. the nominative case refers to subjects which must agree grammatically with the verb; the genitive case refers to possession e.g.: she has an apple, but she gives me the apple of her friend because the apple belongs to her friend. sie hat einen Apfel. she has an apple. sie gibt mir den Apfel. she gives me the apple (or she gives the apple to me.) sie gibt mir den Apfel deiner Freundin, weil der Apfel ihrer Freundin gehört. she gives me the apple of her friend because the apple belongs to her friend.
one must understand english grammar to identify the proper english grammatically uses in order to understand the german grammar structure.
confused? dont be. it gets easier over time because its logical with a few exceptions. the biggest gripe i have with duolingo is its arbitrary uses of certain phrases, its heavy cognate emphasis and its indiscernible contexts of certain phrases. but enough about me.
I feel I have nearly forgotten English after reading this comment. Let alone German
That's probably because the comment has pretty bad grammar, (run on sentences, etc.). But hey, at least they tried explaining.
"One must understand English grammar to identify the proper English grammatically uses in order to understand the German grammar structure."
This just given me some modification to do better in English class. Danke.
I think the word you want is motivation, not modification. Motivation, to encourage "movement", modification, to modify or change something.
No -- einen is specifically masculine accusative.
Feminine, neuter, or plural accusative look like the corresponding nominative.
It can also be spelled as schoen as it takes the place of umlaut and is accepted as correct
I dont know what accuative means here but i can tell you this. Es ist 'Sie hat einien apfel' because it begins with A. Like in English. An apple
That is, unfortunately, not correct. English changes the article based on the sound at the beginning of the following word, but German does not do this.
It would still be “einen” if it was Hund instead of Apfel. The reason that it is “einen” is because Apfel is a masculine noun and, in this sentence, is in the accusative case. The accusative is generally used for the direct object of a sentence, which is the role that Apfel has here. Hence “einen.”
The verb is conjugated for third person singular here, so it has to be she, rather than they.
See the list of conjugations for haben I posted above.
because the verb is third personal singular sie hat. if it were they, then it would be sie haben.
If Sie is at the beginning of the sentance that won't help. My boyfriend taught me this.. if you're talking about (or directly to) one person the verb will end in t. So, sie habt would be she has. If you're talking about multiple people the verb will end in en, Sie haben would be they have. I THINK he said theres the odd verb that this doesnt apply to though
sie = she/they (lowercase, unless it's the start of a sentence, where it will naturally be "Sie"). You will have to rely on the verbs to determine which translation (she/they) is correct.
Sie (capitalized ANYWHERE in the sentence) = "you" (formal)
However, in the context of DuoLingo, they are trying to ease us into things, so they have not formally introduced us to the "Sie = you" possibility... yet. ;-)
I really wish the female bot voice was done better. More often than not, it sounds as if when recorded she was too close to the microphone and possibly has poor fitting dentures! I generally have to play her on tortoise to try and work out what she is saying. On THIS one she very clearly says hats einen Apfel, inserting the s, but says ha(t) on normal speed. Yes, I reported fault, but no way to indicate....in tortoise. Ah well, the man is beautifully clear.
If you feel this way, don't complain here. But rather report the bug. Also, it was a tts. Not a person speaking through a mic, if the latter was the case, it would've been amazingly well crafted and easy to hear. But this is a free app, so go report this bug.
what is the difference from a and an? gets me mad when i put a instead of an. they are the same meaning..
You use 'an' when the next word begins with a vowel sound.
A delicious apple
An especially delicious apple
a and an are not interchangeable. both are the indefinite article before a noun. one uses a in front of nouns which begin with a consonant. an is used in front of a noun, adjective or adverb, which begins with a vowel. a apple is incorrect. an apple is correct. a dog but an ostrich. a book but an orange. a wormy apple or an old apple. a tall ostrich but an awkward ostrich. an old book but a dirty dog. etc.
How do we know it's plural or singular when we speak? What's the difference?
Singular is pronounced more like Ahpfel. Plural is pronounced more like Epfel.
Can someone explain to me how you distinguish "Sie" meaning they and "Sie" meaning she?
The conjugation of the verb.
Sie hat - she has
Sie haben - they have
Sie isst - she eats
Sie essen - they eat
Sie geht - she goes
Sie gehen - they go
hat is the third person singular form of the verb haben, which yes, means to have.
ich (I) habe
du (you) hast
er/sie/es (he/she/it) hat
sie (they) haben
Sie (formal you) haben
ihr (plural you) habt
wir (we) haben
Yes, although that bit is something of a pun. They repeat the line a few times adding a word each time until you get the full sentence, which is 'Du hast mich gefragt' which means 'You have asked me.'
However, an intervening stage in building that sentence like that is 'Du hast mich' which sounds like 'Du hasst mich' which means 'You hate me.'
Danke, I was having so much trouble with all the different versions of "habe"
I dont understand why it is not 'they'? Sie = they and she but idk the difference. Can someone plz help meh?
The verb form will be different: sie hat "she has" but sie haben "they have".
My sound made this a guess. It sounded like an impossible sie hast. So, sie hat or Sie habt? Five listens later I just guessed, and got it wrong.
habt is used with ihr, "ihr habt". It is the plural you (guys) have. She has = sie hat. They have = Sie haben. For formal use, Sie haben = you have. It depends on context.
Thank you. It took a while but the penny has started to drop. I now have a small list of verb conjugations. This really helps as many everyday verbs are irregular.
Sie hat den Apfel. "She has the apple." with the definite article implies that this is an apple that you have spoken about before, or at least one that is obvious to the listener from context.
Sie hat einen Apfel. "She has an apple.", on the other hand, uses the indefinite article and does not imply this -- the apple is instead considered new information at least for the listener.
The two sentences do not mean the same thing.
And there is no German word apfel, only Apfel (capitalised).
Pretty much the same as the difference between "the" and "a(n)" in English.
Because the apple is the direct object of the verb "have" -- it's the thing which is owned. So it has to be in the accusative case.
The word Apfel is masculine, so you need the masculine accusative form of the indefinite article here - which is einen.
ein is the masculine nominative form (e.g. ein Apfel liegt auf dem Tisch), or the neuter nominative/accusative form (e.g. ein Pferd steht vor der Tür / ich habe ein Pferd).
When they're the subject: by looking at the verb -- does it end in -t or in -en?
sie hat "she has" versus sie haben "they have".
sie trinkt "she is drinking" versus sie trinken "they are drinking".
How do you know whether to use hat or haben when the only thing you have is.
"Sie ____ einen Apfel."
But the only fill-in-the-blank exercise I found for this sentence has the options
If you found an exercise that allows you choose both hat and haben, I'd appreciate a link to a screenshot.
No. It means that she has in her possession an apple.
haben is about owning or possessing, not about eating -- it doesn't have that metaphorical meaning that it does in English, at least not on its own.
"Sie" is used for "they" and "she". I dont quite understand how to make a diffrence between the two.
Look at the verb form -- if it's for "she", it will usually end in -t, while if it's for "they", it will usually end in -en.
That's not a thing in German like it is in English. In German, the article changes based on the gender and case of the noun.
Apfel is masculine, so it's a 'der' noun, and in this sentence it is the direct object so it is in the accusative case.
The accusative masculine ending is -en, so it is 'einen Apfel.'
Is the accusative when answering, "who has an apple" vs describing someone who has an apple?
no. the accusative case is the direct object case. i have an apple. i (subject) have (verb) an (masculine indefinite accusative article) apple (direct noun). who (interrogative question word) has (verb) an (masculine indefinite accusative article) apple (direct noun).
I know what hat is but idk when it comes to hast.I think it's past tense. :>)|
ich habe du hast er, sie, es hat wir haben ihr habt sie haben Sie haben
hast is the present tense conjugation of haben, not past tense.
How would it be in plural, how does it change the "ein/einen/eine" particle if you meant to say several apples: "sie hat ein/eine/einen/? Äpfel "
Well, you wouldn't use a form of ein in that case any more than you would say "She has an apples."
Well, Spanish is my native language and it is used in Spanish:
Sie hat einen Apfel. Ella tiene una manzana.
Ella tiene unas manzanas. Sie hat ein Äpfel ??? Sie hat ein paar Äpfel ??? (google translation)
ouf ok lol thanks. I had this impression too after I commented. It's the only possibility. It's like the action of possess something. thank you
ich habe, du hast, er, sie, es hat wir haben, ihr habt sie haben Sie haben
if you learn the conjugation of the verb, then probably you'll answer your own question. you must know basic english grammar to understand german, otherwise you will be lost if you dont know from a direct vs direct object, a predicate nominative versus a reflexive or transitive verb.