lo is a singular masculine article. it is used in place of il when the noun begins with an s + consonant or a z (so lo zucchero and lo squalo). gli is the plural form of lo.
Gli is also used when a plural masculine noun begins with a vowel (e.x. gli uomini).
See below--in this context, both mean 'the', but they also have other usages.
Thank you! I have a hard time keeping them those in order lol I'm a very visual learner, so not having them written all in order makes me get them confused. Your explanation helps a lot. Thank you!
If you want to know when to use "il, la, le, i, gli" etc. Go to this link: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/815852/Il-lo-l-la-i-gli-le
I hope it was helpful :)
In English there would be no article. "She eats sugar" . In Italian it seems sometimes therei is and sometimes not. Are there any rules for when to use the "the"
I just had sentence where it was "I eat sugar" = Mangio zucchero. Could they decide which one to use?
In Italian, we use the article when we want to determinate something. In your case, both "mangio lo zucchero" and "mangio zucchero" should be accepted. Report it to Duolingo.
The difference - but it's minimal - between "mangio lo zucchero" and "mangio zucchero" is that in the first sentence we intend something like "I eat that particular type of sugar you also know", while in the second it's more like "I eat every type of sugar".
"She eats the sugar."/"She is eating the sugar." are both reasonable English sentences, if there's some specific sugar under discussion.
Why is the translation "She eats sugar" when the sentence clearly states,"She eats THE sugar" ??? I still don't get it.
Translations are not always literal. In this case, the word "the" in Italian may or may not be required for the translation into English, depending on the context. It's the difference with the little words that cause the most difficulties in learning another language, in my experience. You just have to memorize them.
So...the question that pops up to me is this;
- Io mangio zucchero
- Lei mangia lo zucchero
These where the correct answers to my last two questions. Yes, when I answered question no.1 I answered with "Io mangio lo zucchero". It was accepted as correct. Why not make a standard out of it and either use lo/le/la or not use them at all if it's all the same. It just gets confusing when you are a rookie working with the basics.
Am I the only one that finds the neutral pronouns confusing, because the singular / plural forms share the same ending vowels as the plural masculine and feminine forms?
I thought words after he or she have an e at the end of the word? For example drinks = "beve", and reads = "legge", and writes = "scrive". But eats = "mangia". Can someone please explain.
"To eat,"-Mangiare, is simply an irregular verb. We have them in english as well, i.e.) to drink (past-drunk, past particle-drank) and most verbs don't always follow the same easy conjugation rules in English. So, I guess, count your lucky stars you're not learning English and remember those irregular verbs when they pop up in Italian!
yes, you can.. but in italian, generally, the articles are used much more than in english, so "lei mangia lo zucchero" is more normal in italian
Can someone explain why "Lei mangia io zucherro." is written as if to say "She eats I sugar" instead of how I would expect, "Lei mangia il zucherro," "She eats the sugar." according to the corrected translation?
This says "lo zucherro" instead of "Io zucherro," which would make no sense.
I just started today so I may be wrong, but from what I've read it seems "lo" is the masculine form of "the" for words that have the "S" or "Z" sounds.