Arabic. Lesson 1 : Alphabet
In Arabic there are 28 letters. I wrote them here, each letter is divided into 2 sections.. There are some special letters in Arabic that cannot be translated into English to show the real pronunciation, but I gave the closest pronunciation.
After taking a look at the table, you may ask why the pronunciation of the letter in a word is different, because it’s like English vowels can change the pronunciation of the letter e.g : Car, Coach…
But in Arabic not only the vowels that change the pronunciation but there are also signs
The first one is this – if it is on top of the letter we pronounce the letter as A (Ba Ka Sa Ha Za…)
If it is at the bottom of the letter as I (Bi Ki Si kha..)
This is the third sign that makes the letter pronounced as O (Bo Ko Fo Jo...)
There is also a fourth sign that is called (dead sign) it's like a small circle on top of the letters.
Also I found this picture, it is useful too
Thank you for your efforts! It's exciting how much the DL Arabic speakers are sharing with all of us!
Just so you know, a single character is a letter, while all the letters (when spoken about together) are the alphabet of a given language. Just wanted to let you know it is better to say, "In Arabic there are 28 letters. I wrote them here, each letter is divided into 2 sections." And, "the letter in a word is different..." And there are names for each of those types of vowels that you can use. Here is a nice list here to share with folks so they can learn those names if they like: http://web.uvic.ca/hrd/hist455/vowels/vowels_pres.htm
Also, the table of the Arabic alphabet here on Wikipedia is pretty helpful because it shows how each of the letters can actually look 2 or 4 different ways: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_alphabet
Thank you again! -t. :)