"Why do you not answer my question?"
Translation:Kial vi ne respondas mian demandon?
The term "transitive" can sometimes be misleading. What we really need to focus on is the meaning of the verbs.
For example, some may say that "I eat" and "I eat an apple" are examples of the verb being used intransitively and intransitively (respectively). This way of looking at things is a distraction when trying to learn Esperanto. What's important to notice is that in both cases, "eat" means to consume food. In one sentence we leave it to the imagination what is being consumed. In the other we use a direct object to specify exactly what food is being consumed. Since the verb has the same meaning, it's safe to use manĝi in both cases. (Mi manĝas. Mi manĝas pomon.)
Similarly, "respondi" means "to give a response". Sometimes we don't use a direct object (Kial vi ne respondas?) and sometimes we do (Kial vi ne respondas mian demandon?). The meaning of the verb does not change. We simply include a direct object to provide additional information. Since the meaning of the verb doesn't change, -ig- and -iĝ- don't factor in.
We only use -ig- and -iĝ- when the meaning of the verb changes.
- The days pass - la tagoj pasas.
I pass three days - Mi pasigas tri tagojn.
I start the lesson - mi komencas la lecionon.
- The lesson is starting - la leciono komenciiĝas.
(Yes, this is an old question, but in case anybody else is wondering...)
Because not all words in Esperanto need those suffixes to be either transitive or intransitive. For instance, respondi can take an object or not like in these sentences: Mi respondis al li and Mi respondis lian demandon. Or you could simply say: li respondis! Hope that helped
It isn't, we use the accusative for more than just marking objects.
In this case the -n is replacing a preposition "al". This is a fairly common occurrence in Esperanto, although it is used in limited fashion. For instance, when we specify direction or motion we do the same thing.
Ni iris en la domon == ni iris en al la domo
It doesn't alter verb transitivity.
Yeah, that's what I entered each time. The only other words available to choose were completely unrelated. Once I leave the question, I can't remember what the other choices are anymore - (that's just how my brain works). But I do remember that each time I have come across this question, they were all words like "la", "sed" and other miscellaneous things. No relation to mia or demando, etc. I hope this clarifies things better. :)