What are the differences between these words?

May 17, 2012


*ihr [posessive] "her/their" (followed by a masculine or neuter noun) --- Das ist ihr Bruder. --- Das ist ihr Buch.


[pronoun] "you all" or "you guys" or you (plural -- Geht ihr in den Park heute Abend?

*ihre [posessive] "her/their" (followed by a feminine noun) Das ist ihre Schwester.

*ihren [posessive] "her/their" (followed by a masculine noun in the accusative) -- Sie schlägt ihren Bruder.

May 17, 2012

can you give more examples ? Please and thank you.

September 10, 2016

I am late, but maybe other people will need this. :)

So "ihr" can be used for sie (she) or sie(they) or Sie(formal you, but in this case we use Ihr with capitalized i). They are possesive adjectives, you can find them in this small table for example:

Now the ending of it changes depending on the gender of the noun that stands behind it. The table shows the nominative cases only. "ihren" is an accusative case of the masculine possessive adjective of "her".

To make it a bit clearer, here is how it changes in the different cases:


(masculine) ihr | (feminine) ihre | (neutral) ihr | (plural) ihre


(masculine) ihren | (feminine) ihre | (neutral) ihr | (plural) ihre


(masculine) ihrem | (feminine) ihrer | (neutral) ihrem | (plural) ihren


(masculine) ihres | (feminine) ihrer | (neutral) ihres | (plural) ihrer

So you use "ihr" for "she" and change its ending depending on the noun behind it.

For example: She reads her book. - Sie liest ihr Buch. (ihr because the book is neutral "das" and we are checking the accusative row for it)

I also recommend to learn this one table ( <- new link to a better chart that is more explanatory) for the definitive articles, since it helps a LOT with every other table. The endings are similar to these, the picture points it out nicely.

Please (anybody) correct me if I am wrong though, since I am still learning it as well.

December 6, 2016

Those links are perfect! Thanks so much!

May 21, 2017

That last table is beautiful. I'm having trouble understanding one thing, though: how do the "mein" declinations fit in? The plurals make sense for "the," but how is "meine" a plural for "a"?

I had started building a similar table of my own, and I had just left the plural line blank for "a," because the plural of "a" would really be "some" (etwas).

July 11, 2017

I am not sure I completely understood what you said here, but my guess is that you are trying to fill out the "ein, eine, ein" for plura. However, they don't exist, because as you said they are identical to english "a, an" and you don't say "an apples", only "the apples".

At this point it has nothing to do with "posessive objectives". :) I see the table which has the "meine" in it, but I think it isn't supposed to serve the purpose of pluar, maybe it makes an example of the possessive case? Not sure at all.. anyway, there is a table that is better than my previous one, it includes the "ein" with examples (and everything else too for that matter): (new link, since the previous was on a dead host)

Best one I found so far, I hope it helps.

July 12, 2017

Thanks! It sounds like we're in agreement: the "meine" et. al just don't belong in that table. "Not sure at all" describes exactly my thoughts on seeing it there, under the plural column!

July 13, 2017

Hi, this link has expired or moved. Was really keen on seeing it! Could you share it again please

November 7, 2018

Hey, I fixed the link in the original post. Took some google digging to find the same one, here is the link as well: Good luck with your Deutsch:)

November 7, 2018

Danke für das!

September 29, 2019

how can you tell if Ihr means her or their?

September 13, 2017

Context clues. I'm not sure what clues specifically.

March 31, 2018

I just guess....

September 17, 2019

ja ich bin human

February 27, 2018

You mean Ich bin einen Mensch (or Ich bin menschlich)

March 31, 2018
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.