"The restaurant has so many guests."
Translation:La restoracio havas tiom da gastoj.
So youre saying that "tiom" has more than one meaning, right? I'm still confused. Do you mean context as in physically present in the speakers' physical vicinity? Or as in an explicitly stated reference? Does the tiom in the sentence in question have a contextual quantity?
You see this pattern in other sentences. Short answer, this is a good answer. In fact, in other sentences the course suggests that multe is necessary.
- Tiom da gastoj - this many guests
- Tiom multe da gastoj - so many guests
Those who have commented in this thread saying otherwise should read the discussion in the following thread.
In my understanding, 'Tiom' isn't like 'so' as in "oh wow so many!" it's like asking someone in the olden days "Wow, did you find it like this" and they respond with "Just so". As in they are indicating something apparent. Kind of like you're saying "There are that many guests" indicates with gesture. Not like disbelief in how many there are. At least that's what I'm getting.
'Tiom' is not really a quantity; it's comparative. 'this much' and 'that much' -tiom ĉi / tiom. In English if someone pours milk into your tea, you are likely to be asked "Say 'when'"? and 'When!' tells the pourer to stop. In Esperanto the pourer is likely to say "(vi deziras) Kiom da lakto?" and the response "Tiom!"
I'm certain that "tiom" is not a comparative - unless you mean something different by "comparative."
To answere ZachTorino's two year old question, tiom has two basic meanings.
- "That amount" - e.g. I want a glass with that much milk in it. (A quantity.)
- Emphatic tiel - e.g. I was SO tired. (Mi estis tiom laca.)
The sentence in the OP is non-emphatic. The restaurant has this many guests. It can be used as emphatic, though ("so many" guests) - so the translation in the OP is OK. You could say "tiom multe da gastoj" if you want to be very clear that it's emphatic.
Here's the current OP for reference.
- "The restaurant has so many guests."
- Translation:La restoracio havas tiom da gastoj.