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  5. "The boy needs water."

"The boy needs water."

Translation:Teastaíonn uisce ón mbuachaill.

June 9, 2015



What would be really great is if they would teach something before asking a question about it.


Still not clear on want vs. need in Irish. I thought Teastaíonn vs. tá, etc., was synonymous? Does it really NEED to be teastaíonn here?


Note to the course modifiers should they read this. Some of the exercises in section Prepositions-1 require Teastaigh, and reject Bí, ó for want; others require Teastaigh, and reject Bí, ó for need; and vice versa. There's an overlap in meaning, and the way these are modeled as of 2019-04-23 is frustrating a lot of learners.

Learners: in this particular case, both teastaigh ... ó and bí ... ó can be used for both want and need, with as far as I can tell a slight bias for teastaigh toward want and a slight bias for toward need. But for these exercises one sometimes has to memorize which answer each question wants and needs to get past it.


The for the dialect I learned, Conamara, Teastaigh can only mean 'need'. For others, it can mean either 'need' or 'want'. The bí ó structure, however, can only mean 'want' - it cannot mean 'need'


Except when it does.

Ní raibh uaidh ach sin - "that was all he needed"
Ní raibh uaidh ach gaoth an fhocail - "he only needed the slightest hint"
Ní raibh uaidh ach an leathchead - "all he needed was an excuse"
Nithe beaga atá uaim - "little things I need"
Níl uaidh ach an tsiocair - "all he needs is an excuse"


For "a boy wants water" i entered teastaionn uisce ó mbuachaill. They marked it x, instead of ó they had ón. As right ans.


This exercise is "The boy wants water" not "A boy wants water".


As it says "the boy" it needs "ón" because it's like "ó an" (or something to that effect). If it was "a boy" it'd be "ó".


it would be helpful to have an tip/note and list on 'prepositions + an" words, like ; .sa, don, den , ina, lena,


Can someone explain the reason why 'Teastaíonn an buachaill uisce' is not correct.


The verb teastaigh doesn't mean "want", it means "be wanted" - "water is wanted by the boy" - teastaíonn uiscé ón mbuachaill.

Note that, in English, "water is wanted" is considered a passive construction, but teastaíonn uisce is an active construction.


'ón bhuachaill' is correct in Uladh


That's what I thought! Was surprised to be marked wrong on that


Okay, so the phrase I had to translate is: "Do you want food?".
I typed: "An bhfuil bia uaibh?" The system returned: Incorrect. Correct response: "An dteastaíonn bia uait?"

Throughout this thread, I've seen that "Teastaigh" means "need", not "want". Earlier in this lesson, "An bhfuil bróga glasa uaibh?" is used to translate "Do you want green shoes?"

Therefore, it seemed reasonable to me that the same sentence structure would apply to wanting food. What am I missing here?


...so: 'tá uisce ón mbuachaill'?? yes? no? ...get a hammer and smak myself in the face?


I put in "Teastaíonn uisce ón mbuachaill" and it told me the answer was "Teastaíonn uisce ón ngasúr." What is this?


I believe "gasúr" is just another word for "boy". I don't know why yours was wrong though or why "gasúr" is never taught to us on Duolingo.


why ón bhfear but not ón bhuachaill?


Words that start with f are eclipsed with bh. Words that start with b are eclipsed with m.

bhuachaill is an example of lenition, and the lenited form of fear is fhear.


Caithfidh an buachaill uisce?


No. It is possible to use caithfidh to say "must" (it's not the only way to say "must"), but caithfidh doesn't mean "needs".


Why doesn't it except 'bhuachaill' but instead asks for 'mbuachaill'


A really good explanation of all of this can be found on phouka.com. If, once on the site, you type in "eclipsis vs. lenition", it will bring you to an article that not only explains what eclipsis and lenition are and how they differ but how and why they came to be. As well, it will explain why we spell things as we do in Modern Irish.


Tá uisce ó an buchaill - water is from the boy. Marked as wrong but correct in another example. So still not sure :(


ó an buachaill is not correct in another example. ó an always becomes ón - it's not optional. And you get eclipsis after ón.

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