https://www.duolingo.com/Prgmstr

Word ordering

Prgmstr
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

First question: In esperanto it is my understanding that you can arrange subjects nouns and objects in any order, is this right? EG

Mi sxatas gxin

Mi gxin sxatas

Sxatas mi gxin

Sxatas gxin mi

gxin sxatas mi

gxin mi sxatas

Second question: When using a negative, can you move the pronouns in between "ne" and the verb? EG

Can you say "Mi ne gxin sxatas"?

3 years ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Mutusen
Mutusen
  • 17
  • 15
  • 12
  • 11
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 3
  • 16

All 6 word orders are correct, but the usual order is "Mi ŝatas ĝin". You can use word orders for emphasis, e.g. "Ĝin mi ŝatas", "I like this one (not another one)".

"Ne" is normally put before the word it negates: "Mi ne ĝin ŝatas" would be understood as "I don't like it (but I like something else)".

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/seraph-nm

Which word, exactly, is emphasised in an alternative word order?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/junelac
junelac
  • 14
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 6

the first one normally

3 years ago
Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.