I need to ask though, in Ukranian, how do we distinguish the sentence "This mother." and "This is mother"? or more accurately, when does "це" mean "this" or "this is" ?
Different forms are used for this, these and this is
- Цей чоловік - Masculine Singular Nominative (This man)
- Ця жінка - Feminine Singular Nominative (This woman)
- Це місто - Neuter Singular Nominative (This town/city)
- Ці лавці - Plural Nominative (These benches
Це місто can mean "this is a city" or "this city", you'll have to rely on context
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Which form of and do I use?
In Ukrainian, there are four words that mean and; і, та, а and й. Three of them; і, та and й are all used to link similar things, the only reason we have so many is so we can switch them around to make the language flow and sound more melodic.
- Мама і тато - Mom and dad
- Та я! - And me!
- Мова й алфавіт - Language and alphabet
It's really up to you when you want to use them :)
But on the other hand, а is used to contrast between two different things. It roughly corresponds to the English whereas.
- Мама там, а тато тут - Mom is there, and/whereas dad is here
- Я працюю а ти танюєш - I work and/whereas you work
- Мене звати Віктор а вас звати Вєра - My name is Victor and/whereas your name is Viera
Why is "this is mom, and that is dad" incorrcect if "це" can mean "this" or "that" (or "it")?
"Tse mama, a tse tato" was wrong. When asked to type in Ukrainian what i heard.
Lol really, when you are introducing your parents, you just say "this is mom and dad" Most persons know to make the difference between man and woman. I hardly know any one that would point them out as singly as this.