Whom would it be appropriate to adress with canım? Partner? Family? Close friends? Would an old lady say it to a young person?
I get called it a lot by a large range of people, but it might be because of me being foreign. :)
I would say to only address people which you have close relationships with, family-friends-etc. And yes there are old ladies who would prefer to use it but mainly those who live in the cities, I don't think I would here that from an old woman living in a little town :)
This is a Persian cognate burrowed by many languages.
I've heard people from the middle east and south asia call each other "canim" which means "my life, my dear, my breath" (it's a very dramatic word in some cultures)
Personally I say canim (in Persian) but only with people I'm close with. Is my intention strong when using it? Not really.
From my experience, the South asians think of it as a strong word and laugh at me, but the Azeri Turks and Iranians think I'm just being friendly.
But for the sake of simplicty, the emotional strength and literal meaning of this word is equivalent to the English word "dear".
In Farsi is it pronounced the same? i.e. in English, like Janim?
I assumed that -im was the "my" ending in Tk. But is it the same, canim, all over the region? In which case -im is not a suffix but is part of the whole word? Or is the base word can?
Is the Tk word "can" for life also from Persian?
>In Farsi is it pronounced the same? i.e. in English, like Janim?
The "can" part is pronounced exactly the same as Turkish, (jân) in the region. From what I hear.
>I assumed that -im was the "my" ending in Tk. But is it the same, canim, all over the region? In which case -im is not a suffix but is part of the whole word? Or is the base word can?
Short answer, no, and the base word is "can". Like Turkish, we do have a 1st person personal possessive ending (aka suffix you add to indicate that it's "my" dear). It sounds almost similar to its Turkish counterpart but it is totally linguistically and grammatically unrelated.
right, because coincidentally m is the 1st person in Indo-European languages too.
Got it, thank you.
Yep, for example, we have "can" in Albanian too, which is an Indo-European language. We spell it "xhan" with the "xh" sounding exactly like "c" in Turkish. Then we'd add "im" (as a separate word) to signify "my" for "my dear." It's similarly used mainly for close relationships.
In English a stronger word than dear is darling. Even your s/o will laugh at you. Or maybe it's just a cornier word.
If someone (especially a woman ) is older than you, she may say "canım" to you even she does not know you. For example, when you ask the price of a good in a grocery market, the seller may say "10 lira canım." even you are 25 years old and she is 26 years old.
Yes, if you are close you can say "canım" an older person such as your mom, grandmother or your friend etc.
I just wanted to humour Duolingo and wrote "How are you, my life". In many cultures it is a common endearing way for referring to loved ones, Apparently not in English! Although, not only does it convey the meaning, it is a literal translation!