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  5. "Tá an buachaill ró-bheag."

" an buachaill ró-bheag."

Translation:The boy is too small.

June 14, 2015



What is the purpose of the dash between ró and bheag?


It shows that it’s a prefix. (This use is optional; it could be written róbheag. It’s mandatory with an- and deas-, and it would be mandatory with ró- if the connected word began with an Ó or an O, e.g. ró-ocrach [“too hungry”].)


I'll wrap my head around it. :) To think I was once semi-fluent in this language. Now, I have to look everything up. :(


can I not use wee instead of little


Can beag in this context be used as a synonym for "young" as the word "small" can be in English?


Young is óg. An buachaill óg is the young boy. I can't remember if it would prefix. Someone wrote the young dad as an daddí óg just recently, I was pretty sure it needed a prefix or lenition, but he seems to think not.


Yes, I know og. My question was if in the context of a sentence like this, where beag refers to children, if it can mean "young", as it does in English, when one refers to "small children" or says to a child, "Maybe when you're bigger" where "bigger" means "older'.

In English the sentence "The boy is too small" can mean the boy is short, or that he's skinny, or that he's young. Are all such meanings inherent in the Irish sentence?


Oh, I see what you mean. I would say possibly yes.


It's funny that "bheag" begins and ends like "big" but means "small."


Poor boy, I hope he grows soon and doesn't get bullied in school


Is beag lenited here because it's preceded by ró-? And does that mean adjectives for feminine nouns don't get the lenition they normally would when there was a definite article (an)?


"beag" is lenited because of "ró".

But there are no implications for the feminine nouns, because "ró" is usually used with predicative adjectives, and predicative adjectives don't have to agree with the gender of the noun ("tá an bhean beag" - "the woman is small", but "Is bean bheag í" - "she is a small woman".

"Tá an buachaill róbheag", "Tá an bhean róbheag"


Oh... "Predicative" means having to do with a predicate, not predicting the future. Your comment makes so much more sense now.

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