https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KMLax

Help.

Saluton! I am having problems remembering I, you, he/she/it, we and so on in Esperanto. Does anyone have a list over personal pronouns (if that's what it's called? My grammar terminology is horrible, yay for not learning important stuff in school). Does anybody have something like that or know where I can find a list?

Dankon.

June 15, 2015

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/thraenthraen

Here is a resource that includes all of the personal pronouns in Esperanto! Hope it helps and good luck with your learning!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Latcarf

That list is missing "ĝi" (which roughly means "it")


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Red_Rat_Writer

Gxi doesn't necessarily mean it. It's used where the gender is unknown, there is no gender or it's gender neuter. It also does not have a stigma like it does in English.

We had a really heated debate about this on Lernu.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Latcarf

If there was a heated debate about that, that means it does have a stigma like "it" does, hence it shouldn't be used as a gender neutral pronoun.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Red_Rat_Writer

I phrased it wrong, I meant there was a heated debate on gender neuter pronouns in general, and gxi was mentioned a lot.

There is a stigma with English speakers and English beginners. But there is no stigma with proficient speakers.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Deathlinger

Do you mean Mi, Vi, Li, Ŝi and Ni? Or something else?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Deathlinger

Because; Mi - Me Vi - You Li - He Ŝi - She Ni- Us Ĝi - It


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vinofreddo

and ili - they, oni - one :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jcreed

And the more subtle si - reflexive/[the subject of the verb]! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/llusx

and the least popular ci (thou) and ri (Neutral third person singular)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JohnD62

Ci is only used as a deliberate archaism (such as when one is translating thou in a text that would otherwise use you). Ri is unofficial and its use is contested. It has not acquired broad support among Esperanto speakers.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/quirkyowl

There's a list here along with other useful stuff: http://www.esperanto-usa.org/posters/1-page_Handy-Dandy.pdf


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Another_Guy

There is a nice basic Esperanto grammar here: http://www.ikso.net/libera/pdf/chap8_en.pdf


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CuriousAtanaa

Here's a tip couple of tips.

Mi (I) think of English 'me'

Ŝi (She) remember it's the same sound as in English

Hopefully having those two anchored in your mind will make the rest easier. You could make yourself a practice set on http://www.memrise.com/ if you're really struggling.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KMLax

That is a really good idea, i will use memrise, dankon! :)

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