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  5. "Hieraŭ li diris al mi, ke li…

"Hieraŭ li diris al mi, ke li amas min."

Translation:Yesterday he told me that he loves me.

June 17, 2015



Morgaŭ, li diros al mi ke li ne amas min plu...


Morgaŭ ne venos. Kiam ĝi venos, ĝi estos nomita hodiaŭ! :P


Sed hodiaŭ li ne respondas al miaj mesaĝoj.


Esperanto has different rules for the sequence of time that are likely to confuse English speakers. There are two correct translations for this sentence: "...that he loves" and "...that he loved." And the only reason there are two translations is that English makes a distinction using that Esperanto makes with adverbs.

"In some languages one must sometimes change the verb form in indirect speech. In Esperanto one always keeps the original verb form." (PMEG 33.8.1)

This is also the same rule as direct speech, so it's actually a lot easier than English - but you do have to forget English tenses!

He said that he loves you. == He said, "I love you."

Li diris: "Mi amas vin." == Li diris ke li amas vin.

If you're the kind of person who likes charts, here is how the Esperanto sequenced tenses translate into English.

diris ke li amis -> said that had loved diris ke li amas -> said that he loved diris ke li amos -> said that he would love

diros ke li amis -> will say that he has loved diros ke li amas -> will say that he loves diros ke li amos -> will say that he will love

This rule applies to all situations where someone or something "knows" "thinks" "wonders" "says" "asks" or anything similar. "She told me where the bathroom was." "Ŝi diris al mi kie la necesejo estas."

Descriptive clauses are different. "I found her near where the bathroom was." "Mi trovas ŝin apud kie la necesejo estis." (PMEG 33.4.2)


So, essentially what you are saying is that with an indirect quote in Esperanto one keeps the tense as it was originally spoken, rather than altering it to past tense as one does with English?


hieraŭ, vi diris morgaŭ!


Simple faru ĝin!


Jes, povas vi!


Tips and Notes should explain indirect speech. People are getting confused.


The narrator had a crisis obviously.


Why is not accept "said" instead of "told"??, duo sugest that diris is say, but said was not accepted.


Perhaps they changed it because I entered Yesterday he said to me, that he loves me. and it was accepted.


Well, it depends on how you used the verb "said". You would have to say "Yesterday, he said to me that..." but this is unnatural in English. I don't know if anyone would use the word "said" in this type of sentence, it's more natural to say "he told me that...".


If not in the UK or USA, it is pretty common to say it like that in Ireland. And Duolingo accepts it now because that is what I wrote :)


Really? You say, "He said me that..."? That sounds so wrong to my ears!


He said to me that he was going to the shop. He told me to go to the shop. Usually I'd use said to if it was an observation whereas told is more of a demand or order...


ohh, ok, yes I see what you mean now. Yes, you're right, I guess "he said to me that he loves me" does sound ok. I suppose I prefer "he told me that" because, similar to "told" being like a demand or order, it also connotes like a confession (as in him confessing his love for her).

[deactivated user]

    I would and did and got it wrong☹️


    Why not "said"? Why "told"?


    Sed mi estas lio? Cxu ne estas gxusta!


    I made typos, but if I hadn't, my answer would have been "Yesterday, he said to me, that he loves me"

    Is that a decent answer?


    Man, there's so many words in Esperanto that come from French like 'hier' which means yesterday.


    Oh, Adamo! He still means it today.


    Mi ne amas vin, kiel mi faris, hieraux...


    It sounds so much like he is saying DIDIS, DIDIS, not DIRIS


    I do wish that there was a slowed down version of this... it being the first time I'm hearing the sentence, I'm not hearing it clearly.

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