¿Diference between 'lo' and 'il', and 'nel' and 'nello'?

December 28, 2012


lo (and nello, a contraction of in + lo) is used in a number of case - when the noun begins with a vowel, a 'z', an 'x', s + consonant (so 'sc', 'st' etc., but not s + vowel, such as 'sa') or 'pn' (such as pneumatico). il / nel is used elsewhere. It is worth noting that un/uno shows the same split, only before vowels you get 'un', because the double vowel is dropped...

December 29, 2012

Also, lo/uno are used before "gn" words like "lo gnocco", as well as "x" words like "lo xilofono", and certain words that start with i or y, like "lo yogurt" or "lo iodio". This last one is because the y and i act as semiconsonants.

November 26, 2013

Thanks but what do you mean by "s + consonant (so)"?

March 17, 2015

This information should have been provided by Duolingo, as they have done with other languages and basic grammar. Maybe it's because it's a Beta Version, but if they will do it, most people won't revisit the basic lessons, I imagine.

December 30, 2012

Yeah, I agree that this should have been done before the Beta (if they're going to do it all, that is).

December 31, 2012

Thkns people...xD... And for people who neither knew that, I already investigated it and 'lo' is used when the noun starts with 's' or 'z', like 'lo zucchero'... and 'il' with any other noun. 'nel' is used as the contraction of 'in il' and 'nello' with 'in lo'... so the use of each one depends on my first answer.

December 28, 2012

thanks for this man, it's helped me :) I kept getting mistakes on this not knowing why :/ I suppose they should really implement this into the basics or something...

Actually it isn't " lo serpente " - but " il serpente " so " lo " must only apply for " z "

February 22, 2013

"lo" applies to s also, but only s + a consonant. You should look at henrybrice's post above - it's really descriptive and helpful!

February 24, 2013

lo= means "the" (masculine) use it in this form when the word that follows starts with z or s il= means "the" (masculine) use it in this form when the next word does NOT start wia z or s nel= means "in the" use it in this form if the next word does NOT start with z or s nello= means "in the" use it this form when the word that follows starts with z and s

should be more understanding :)

February 27, 2013

Thanks, your comment helped more than the other complicate explainations ; )

June 17, 2013

what about the difference between al an ai? So far I understand both to mean "to the" but is the difference also related to the beginning of the noun?

January 2, 2013

No, it's much simpler than that. "Al" is the contraction of the preposition "a" + "il", so it's for singular nouns. "Ai" is the contraction of the preposition "a" + "i", so it's for plural nouns.

Example: al giorno, ai giorni (also alla posta, alle poste, for feminine)

January 2, 2013

Indeed, in general preposition contract with determiners, so "a la" becomes "alla", "de la" becomes "della", etc.

January 2, 2013

Found this: Thanks for replying guys :-)

January 4, 2013

Henrybrice, 'lo' isn't used before a vowel: l' is. (L'uomo.)

May 26, 2013

Hi there, not so much for the grammar but much more for the sense... they are both masculine, but as Italian is a musical speech, if you have a composite sound use LO and NELLO, if you have a simple sound, use IL and NEL ... maybe this sounds cryptic, but serpente as an S which is a simple sound (il serpente), Sciocco has a S+ CI which is more complex to say. Il ciocco, lo sciocco.... il cuore and lo squalo... o lo scoglio.... I would say "il consigliare" and "lo sconsigliare". I am an Italian, no technical grammar background but I hope it helps. Consider that LO and NELLO have an extra vowel that makes the sound of the next word smoother

April 22, 2013

grazie, belmonte, ho capito benissimo

April 25, 2013

Hi there, I have been thinking about it and I would like to improve what I said. First, look at the word, if it ends in o, you have a masculine noun, sometime words in ending in e are also masculine, so it's either il or lo. If it begins with a vowel, use LO, if it begins with a consonant use IL. Amico: l'amico (lo amico), Cane: il cane. only then you have all the story about double letters and composite sounds except when you have L or R as second sound but there are some exceptions. so much without looking up to a grammar book

May 1, 2013

Am I being completely stupid or is everyone wrongly insisting on using 'lo' for masc. nouns beginning with a vowel?

May 3, 2013

You're right in that 'lo' is contracted before a vowel: l'uomo.

May 26, 2013

it's correct, you should use lo for masc. non beginning wit vowels. Lo amico = l'amico lo unico = l'unico lo idiota = l'idiota lo eremita = l'eremita lo ombrello = l'ombrello. and so on, there are probably exceptions, but I cannot think about them.

May 4, 2013

io (i) il(the) an the rest i not have an idea

May 25, 2013

楽しい ;)

August 11, 2013

donde lo puedo buscar

September 27, 2013

I am still confused about Nel and Nello. I have seen nel zucchero... and nello zucchero. Can anyone please tell me why ?

September 29, 2013

If I understood properly, the correct form is "Nello zucchero". The explanation is below, from Duolingo's grammar.

October 8, 2013

Trying to help us, this is the explanation from Duolingo in the Basics 2:

In + the, at + the: When words such as in (in) or a (to) are followed by articles like il, lo, la, le, gli they become one word. One does not say in il or in lo but nel or nello.

Lo, il and l' : Italian has a few ways to say the for masculine nouns. Lo is for words that begin with s + consonant (lo squalo), z (lo zucchero); il is for masculine nouns that begin with a consonant (il ragazzo); l' is used when nouns begin with a vowel (l'uomo).

I help it's gonna help everybody!

October 8, 2013

This website helps a lot (it's in portuguese), but you should be able to understand the charts!

November 20, 2013

diference between non and no in italian

May 21, 2016

Io means I, il is the maschille (masculine) form of the.

April 7, 2013

it's Lo, not io.

September 11, 2013
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