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  5. "What is this thing?"

"What is this thing?"

Translation:Kio estas ĉi tiu afero?

June 18, 2015


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Can't I say "Kio estas tiu afero?". Cxi tiu is close, obviously but the sentence in English does not necessarily carry the meaning of closeness, does it? (I'm not a native speaker).

June 18, 2015


Roughly, "ĉi tiu" means "this" and "tiu" means "that"; "this" is something called a "proximal demonstrative" and conveys closeness in the same way that adding ĉi in Esperanto does. However, closeness is a very imperfect way of describing what's going on here.


June 18, 2015


Which is why I thought that given imperfect circumstances (or none like in the isolated sentences typically used in DL) 'tiu afero' could be accepted.

June 18, 2015


Can't argue with that. :)

June 18, 2015


I know I'm late to this discussion, but you guys are right on. Within the course, if the word is "this" then always include the "ĉi". However, in real life, when mentioning a single thing, it's not usually necessary - just as in English, both these sentences mean basically the same thing:

  • What's this here on your wrist - a new watch?
  • What's that there on your wrist - a new watch?
September 9, 2016


Closeness is an inaccurate term. But I can't think of a better one.

In English, you can think of it as "this here" or "that there" to help. That's what is meant by "closeness."

Is your primary language Spanish? If so, "ĉi tiu" is "esto" while "tiu" is "eso."

August 14, 2015


Okay, I'm a German native. Does anyone know good german equivalents for (ĉi) tiu/tio? :)

April 7, 2016


Have you tried a German-Esperanto dictionary? I have Krause and could check... Basically "tiu" is "diese" and "tio" is "das".

  • Das ist eine Frau - TIo estas virino.
  • Diese Frau ist gross - Tiu (cxi) virino estas alta.
September 9, 2016


I am not good in German, but I can try: ĉi tiu - dieser/diese/dieses tiu - jener/jene/jenes

April 28, 2016


Deixis is the word I've heard used for this phenomenon. And it is closely related to person if you think about it.

November 5, 2018


I think tio in Spanish can be both aquello and eso. In Spanish things are more complicated: it depends on the distance of the thing to the speaker AND the listener.

September 24, 2019


Would "kio estas ĉi tio?" also work?

June 4, 2018


Only sort of. That's more like "what is this?"

June 5, 2018


I have simplified the most I can, and put just "Kio estas tio" which was accepted!

However, I don't recommend for the beginners to do that, before they understand the basics of kiu/kio/ĉi... and other important things, and only when you understand the correlations between these things, you can experiment, simply because your know what you're doing.

May 15, 2019


why not kiu estas ĉi tiu afero?

July 4, 2016


That would be "who is this thing" or "which one is this thing". Neither one makes sense.

September 9, 2016
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