"Der Mann lernt."

Translation:The man is studying.

December 28, 2012

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How do we know when to use learn(s)/learning? The sentence shows two translations.


I think it depends on the context. Both are right in this case.


Both are possible translations. German doesn't differentiate between the simple present (I learn) and present continuous (I am learning); however when translating real sentences, you can and should use the context to pick one or the other.


Take a look at this site. This is very helpful. http://www.vocabulix.com/conjugation/German-Verbs.html. Type any word 'lernt' and click 'search.' And the click 'Show All' for 'Present.' You will find what to use and when.


Why is it 'der' for male.... 'die' for female.... and 'das' for kids.... what is 'das' male or female?


der - masculin die - feminin das - neuter

When learning vocabulary is important to memorize the gender of the word in german (it's not always obvious).


"das" is neuter


I think die is plural, or singular is female gender


die is feminin das is male/female der is male


This is not completely correct. "der" is male (sing.), "die" is female (sing.) as well as the (only) plural article, and "das" is neuter (sing.), not male/female (German native speaker).


so "der" is one male, "die" is for one female and more than one male/female? Why is kid/child "das"? I'm not understanding...


Grammatical gender is not the same as 'natural' gender. The gender of the word does not always correspond to what you think the gender of the thing should be. It is important to learn the gender of each noun and try not to make it 'male' or 'female' in your mind - as Vreny says it is not logical.


Das Kind/ the child is neuter because it is not depending on the gender but only on the age if somebody is a child. If you refer on the gender you say Mädchen (girl) or Junge (boy). But in German the gender is not always logical. For example die Sonne (sun) is female but der Mond (moon) is male. I hope it is understandable what I was trying to say...


Mac User - i can't hear it.


the same at my Mac.


I think the pronunciation of "learnt" isn't correct. It's sounding like some word starting with a "g". Well,it might be a problem with my sound system.


for me the pronunciation is also a bit strange, i couldn't figure what he voice was saying


Voice sounds good to me.


I'm hearing a 'd' on the end, so it's sounding like "lerned". Is that how it should sound, or are my ears just not working correctly? ;-)


In the plural, the definite article is "die" : Die Männer , Die Frauen, Die Mädchen.


der die and das, plural is completely different. conjugation is easy, ich bin, du bist, er ist, sie ist and so on.


How do you use the plural 'die'? And can the plural 'die' be used in masculine context too?


Yes, "die" are used for all plurals, whether the original noun is masculine, feminine, or neuter. For example:

der Mann -> The man die Männer -> The men

die Zeitung -> The newspaper die Zeitungen -> The newspapers

das Mädchen -> The girl die Mädchen -> The girls

Note however, the gender of plural noun is still the same as the gender of the corresponding singular noun; it is incorrect to say that pluralizing a noun turns it into feminine as some would say. This misconception could lead to issues with understanding the declension of adjectives later on.


The man learns. Period. Continuous is unapplicable.


When should we translate the verbs as present continuous or simple present?


Good question. As there's no continuous form in German, both possibilities should count.

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