French: ces, ce, cet, cela, c'est, cette, and celui
Bonjour, I am a little confused with the translations or construction of these words. What is the difference between celui and cela? Ce, cet, and cette? I understand that ces is the plural version of ce, cet, and cette, but what is the difference between ce and c'est? Any advice or information is greatly appreciated! :) -Charis
Celui means "the one" when talking about a person or a thing already mentioned. Its feminine counterpart is celle.
Cela means "that"; its companion is ceci, which means "this".
Ce means 'this" or "that" and has to be followed by a noun. It goes with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant (ex: ce chapeau).
Cette means the same, only with feminine nouns (ex: cette idée).
Cet means also the same, and is used with masculine nouns beginning with a vowel or a mute h (ex: cet exercice -un exercice). It differs from ce so it's easier to pronounce: the liaison avoids your having to take a break between two words.
This link might help you make the difference between them if it's too confusing :)
C'est means "it is" or "this is". It is simply the contraction of ce + est.
Hope that's clear enough :)
I have looked at this before and used French About to help me. They have a good page on it and it is a useful site for other such questions: