Do Germans not inflect questions, as in, does the pitch not go up towards the end of the question? The lady's voice inflects about the same for statements as it does for questions, I was wondering if that was because it is computer-generated. Thank you!
No they don't, if anything, a little. When I went to Germany they all thought my german speaking wife (from New Zealand) was singing to them. haha
German does not use do-support to form questions. You need to invert subject and verb.
In this sentence can the sentence startwith "Sie spielt" instead of "Spielt sie"? I'm still trying to understand word order and when certain orders are necessary.
In statements you say "sie spielt" and in questions you say "spielt sie". In subordinate clauses you say "sie spielt". Note that in statements it can be in any order as long as the verb comes second. E.g. "Sie spielt mit dem Hund" = "Dem Hund spielt sie". You can judge which is the object by the declension of the definite article (dem)
I had the same problem. Here's how it works for me.
Meine the final e is pronounced /ə/ like the first and last sound/letters in America. Meiner the final er is pronounced /ɐ/ like the u in nut in my Southern UK English. This vowel is more open than the one above.
If you want more detail on the last one:
Actually, the more I listen, the more I reckon it's pretty much the same sound! Both are unstressed central, mid-open vowels. Do native speakers really hear the difference, or just work it out from context?
The <er> inflexion is pronounced as a diphthong /ɛə/ whereas the <e> inflexion is a straight /ə/. The computer voice mostly does this in the exercises, but it's not consistent.
Mark, <er> when stressed is /ɛə/, but when unstressed it's /ɐ/; and that's where I have a problem: distinguishing an unstressed /ɐ/ from /ə/.
Meine=meiner to me, sadly. Perhaps it's because /ə/ is (by far) the commonest sound in English?
I translated it as "Is she playing with my daughter?" and Duolingo said it was correct.
why it is 'meiner' why not meinen. Daughter is female and Sie is also female
In the dative, feminine "die" becomes "der." (I wouldn't say it becomes masculine, it happens to use the same article.) So "meine" becomes "meiner," "eine" becomes "einer," etc.
Die Tochter spielt. (The daughter plays. Nominative.) Der Hund spielt mit der Tochter. (The dog plays with the daughter. Dative.) Ich kaufe der Tochter den Apfel. (I buy the daughter the book. Dative, then accusative.)
"Tochter" becomes dative when she is the indirect object. Also, whenever you see certain prepositions like "außer," "mit," "von," "zu," "bei," "seit," and "nach," it's dative.
I only guess but maybe because feminine becomes like masculine as die becomes der in the Dative, so meine becomes meiner. But its only a guess I will be happy if someone will tell me the answer also
I just said its like "der, das" becomes "dem",
"die" becomes "der", plurals becomes "einen". what that doesn't work?
in Dativ word mein conjugates like this: meinem (maskulin), meinem (neutrum), meiner (feminine). This stuff we just have to memorize, there's no other way :(
Because, "sie" is not capitalized so it is "she", not the formal "you", which would also require the conjugation "spielen": Spielen Sie mit meiner Tochter?
I had the impression that "play with" had some bad meaning in English... I'd rather omit the "with".
I'm not a native speaker. But if remember correctly, "play with" means something like "not taking seriously".
Yes, that could be true. Without context almost anything could be true. to "play with" could have several different meanings behind the terms, but in this case the sentence makes complete sense. Example-- "I am going outside to play with my dog"
Because "spielen" is a verb and a verb can't be dative. Dative is referring to the case for indirect objects (objects are nouns).
I'ts a different tense.
Spielt sie mit meiner Tochter? = Does she play with my daughter? / Is she playing with my daughter?
Spielte sie mit meiner Tochter? = Did she play with my daughter? / Was she playing with my daughter?
What makes the, "Tochter," dative? It should be accusative, which would make, "meine," stay the same... Please help, I am having trouble with the cases.
The object of a preposition can be either accusative, dative, or genitive, depending on the preposition. For example, "durch" always needs to have an accusative object ("durch den Tor"), and "von" always takes the dative ("von dem Tor"). "Mit" happens to take the dative.
See this link for help on preposition cases: http://germanforenglishspeakers.com/prepositions/introduction-to-prepositions
I initially got confused with the 'sie' (the 'we' form would start in upper case 'Sie')- but am wondering how to ask 'Are they playing with my daughter' - Spielen sie mit meiner Tochter?
I'm not sure I understand your question. If it didn't come first, it wouldn't be a question.
Why it is meiner tochter not meine or mein tochter can someone explain it to me ?
Because "Tochter" is feminine and is in the dative case here (because it follows the preposition "mit"). As you can see from the second chart in this article, the correct ending for feminine dative is "-er."
"Meine" would be used if "Tochter" were being used in the nominative ("Meine Tochter spielt") or accusative ("Sie sieht meine Tochter"); "mein" is only for masculine and neuter nouns and so would never appear with "Tochter."