"The boy and Paul eat bread."
Translation:Itheann an buachaill agus Pól arán.
I have seen many questions about word order, but I believe they do explain on the pc version of this application. The explanation of the grammar of each lesson isn't present on the mobile application, though by looking carefully you may be able to decipher a lesson's content.
I do have one question for the awesome pal who can answer it. When do we use capitalised letters in Irish, and when do we not?
The word order in Irish is different from word order in English. In Irish we use the verb (Itheann) at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the subject (an buachaill agus Pól) and then the object (arán). In English we first use the subject, and after that the verb. I don't know if the order of a questioning sentence is different in Irish.
Hate to burst your bubble but I'm using the PC version and I haven't seen one word about sentence structure other than in this forum. If it is there, someone please tell me where. Thanks you. Andy by the way, many thanks to SatharnPHL for answering my question about I am a boy. It really helped. I don't know how to get back to that thread to thank you more appropriately.
Duolingo is designed to "teach by example". Nobody taught you that the subject came before the verb when you were learning English, you figured it out for yourself. The Duolingo exercises expose you to simple sentences and you quickly figure out that the word order is different.
There are Tips and Notes available in the Web version of Duolingo. The Tips & Notes for the very first skill, Basics 1, do explain the word order. The Tips and Notes aren't considered a prerequisite for the course, and they don't provide an in-depth explanation of language feature, but they can obviously provide a short-cut for some of the learning process.
The other thread is here
After I read the intro I finally started getting things right after weeks of getting nearly everything wrong. I wrote this sentence horribly misspelled, the verb tense was wrong and instead of arán I wrote pan but I'm so proud that I actually got this close! Pronunciation is still really hard though.
Itheann is the present tense form of the verb "eat". Just like English, you need a subject to tell who is doing the action, whether that subject is "he", "she", "you", "the man", "the boy and Paul". In the special case of "I" and "we", the subject is combined with the verb, so "I eat" is ithim and "we eat" is ithimid, but for all of the other subjects, they just come after the verb:
"Paul eats" - itheann Pól
"you eat" - itheann tú
"he eats" - itheann sé
"she eats" - itheann sí
"you (more than one person) eat" - itheann sibh
"they eats" - itheann siad
"the man eats" - itheann an fear