I know this wasn't in your question, but keep in mind that, for masculine plural, "gli" is used for words starting with vowels, and "i" is used for words starting with consonants. For feminine plural words, you use "Le" for ones starting with consonants. I don't remember what is used for plural feminine words that start with vowels. Sorry, miss!
To be more precise, here are the plural definite articles (all translate to "the" in English) :
"gli" for masculine nouns, before a vowel OR x,y,z, s + consonant, gn, and some other consonant clusters
"i" for all other masculine nouns
"le" for all feminine nouns, regardless of what letter comes after the article.
Take the masculine plural "trees", "alberi" in Italian.
"The trees" is "Gli alberi", because gli comes before a vowel.
But "The new trees" is "I nuovi alberi", because now there is a regular consonant there.
Of course, it works the other way around, too :
- "The boys" is "I ragazzi" (before regular consonant)
- "The other boys" becomes "Gli altri ragazzi" (before vowel).
"gli" for masculine nouns, before a vowel OR x,y,z, s + consonant, gn : these are 4 situations for using gli instead of i.
- before a word starting with a vowel : gli uomini instead of i uomini
- before a word starting with z : gli zii (the uncles)
- before a word starting with s+consonant : gli studi (the studies)
- before a word starting with gn : gli gnocchi (several items of that kind of pasta)
Not always. A 'woman' or a 'man' is simply someone of female or male gender respectively. A 'lady' or a 'gentleman' is a woman or man of refined quality. The same distinction is in Italian (and most other languages). 'La signora' and 'Il signore' are 'the lady' and 'the gentleman' respectively.
It is true that plural objects, such as 'women' do not need the article 'the', when used in the general sense, e.g. "Women like hats." However in the specific sense, referring to just 'this particular set of objects here' the article 'the IS used: "The women like the hats (at this SALE!)"
Italian has many different forms for an action (verb) word ie eat / drink.
they change according to the pronoun being used. so where we would sat I drink / he drinks / we drink / they drink, they also alter the verbs.
Is just a case of learning them but there are rules to it. my tip is to open an excel or google sheets doc. list in columns the English phrase and beside it the Italian equivelent. you will begin to see similarities in the Italian use of them. There's too much to write in this reply to you.
Because what you wrote means something else. "The ladies drink" is "Le signore bevono" in Italian.
Indeed, other languages have a single word for woman and lady, but not Italian.
For example, in German, Frau, plural Frauen, means woman, lady and wife. There, Die Frauen trinken CAN also mean The ladies drink.
But for Italian, you need to translate it to The women drink.