It should be stressed that it's double g. Some words in Italian have different meanings when used with one or two letters, ex.: casa and cassa. If you don't stress the double letters, you get a different meaning.
But that's with "s" or "ss". It's much easier to make the distinction. How does one do it with "g" or "gg" ?
I'm told with soft GGs (ie those followed by an I or E) you can approximate the sound by imagining that the first G is a D - which gives you the slight stop that emphasises the double consonant. Perhaps this also works with a hard GG. But take this with a pinch of salt.
HARD "g"(girl): ga, ghe, ghi, go, gu, and the g+consonant
- diga (dam), dighe (dams), ghiro (dormouse), gomma (rubber), gustoso (tasty), grazie (thanks)
SOFT "g"(genuine): ge, gi
- gelato (ice cream), giovedì (thursday)
The rule does not change even with the double "gg"
- hard "g" - leggo (I read), leggono (they read)
- soft "g" - leggi (you read), legge (he/she reads), leggiamo (we read), leggete (you all read)
Furthermore, there are the particular combinations "gn" and "gli", where the "g" sound disappear completely forming two new sound
- gnomo (gnome), ragno (spider)
- figlio (son), paglia (straw)
When there are a double consonant, a glottal stop must occur between the first and the second consonant. For "leggono", imagine to pronounce "leg" (=gamba) and after a very short pause, break, "go" (of "go-ne): you have "(io) leg-go (=I read). With one "g", you have "lego", that means "I tie" (and also the pronunciation of the "e" changes from è to é). With a double s (or f, l, m, n, r) it's easier because we can keep longer as we want the sound. When this is not possible, the glottal stop is necessary.
Well, it's kinda the same - you just say the "g" a little bit longer, almost as if you pause for a tiny moment before continuing with the rest of the word.
This is actually only in southern Italy. In further Northern Italy, double consonant sounds dont receive the pause to clarify.
in Italian on the third person plural -ono -ano ending do not have emphasis (if I remember correctly)
Le-ggono (emphasis on e) Not leggo-no (emphasis in o)
strahil is right, it's a very particular way of pronouncing double letters, but it does have to be there.
from my understanding it is impossible with out saying both g's separately
Hi gays , please reply to this 2 questions, 1- what's different between ( loro and essi and esse ) 2- and can we use essi or esse instead of loro in this statement ( loro leggono ) ? Thank you
what is the difference between all of the ways to say this??? there's legono, leggi, leggo, how do i know which out of all of these choice to use?
It's called verb conjugation - verbs change according to person and number. In English it's hardly present, but compare read vs reads, be/am/are/is and so on.
ere = to read
o= I read
i= you read (single person)
e= he/she read
iamo= we read
ete= you read (multiple people)
ono= they read
Wish someone had just posted this earlier. Just what we all needed. Clarity. Thank you sharkbbb. Thk all of U, actually!
So there should be sort of a glottal stop with the double "gg"? Is that what I'm gathering?
I think so since the emphasis is on the "e" to indicate the "doubleness" of the "g", which could translate into sounding like a glottal stop
After which vowels do you pronounce double "g" softly? Legge (soft), but leggono (hard). So always hard after an "o"?
It's the other way around - you don't pronounce them softly after certain vowels, you pronounce them softly before certain vowels. Legge is soft because the gg comes before e. Leggono is hard because the gg comes before o. It's being before an I or an E that makes the g soft.
I'm italian and confirm that pronounce here is not the best available. Keith is right by saying that you can imagine a D before the G to understand better how to pause and stress the E, tough it is not an Italian rule. Anyway LEGONO with one G doesn't exist and if you use it it can be misunderstood for LEGANO (they tie)
The audio is strange. In the complete phrase ''leggono'' sounds with stress on ''o'' [leggonó]. But if I listen to "leggono" alone it has stress on "e" [léggono]. Please could anyone explain which one is correct?
What's the difference between the variations of "read"??? (Leggo, leggono, ect)
1st person singular (I): Leggo
2nd person sing. (You): Leggi
3rd person sing. (He/She/It): Legge
1st person plural (We): Leggiamo
2nd person plu. (You all): Leggete
3rd person plu. (They): Leggono
It seems like the conjugation of "bere". bev"o",bev"i",bev"e",bev"iamo",bev"ete",bev"ono" I wonder if all Italian verbs have a similar conjugation order like that
All the Italian verbs end in "-are" (1st conjugation) or "ere" (2nd) or "ire" (3rd). Each conjugation has its own "regularities" an its own "exceptions" If you go to the link: http://www.coniugazione.it/ you can find ALL you want. By the way, you will NOT find lui, loro for the 3rd sing. and plural personal pronouns, as DL "teaches": you will find EGLI, ESSI (lei, esse for the feminine). Lui and loro are used as complement or in special cases that we must study, if we like to speak a correct language. If we want to speak as an (uncultured) "man of the street",we can follow the DL "rules":
It depends on whether you wish to speak formally or casually, each has a place in a conversation.
Loro leggete doesn't exist... It is : voi leggete (you read ,plural). Loro leggono(they read)
Little doubt here. Are we talking about read, as in reading. Or read in past tense, like, I already read that book.
You bog yourself down trying to remember all these grammatical rules. Better to listen carefully to the conversation and try it out. It will come as my Italian family do not know the grammar but they sure can converse.
How can you tell if Loro is they, or the formal plural form of you? Context?
The audio says loro legono , when it is clearly Loro leggono I love Duolingo it makes learning so much easier
Are these past or present tense?! "reed" or "red" phonetically. Sorry, I am a beginner but I really can't tell ahhh
I was not given the chance to repeat the phrase after clicking on the microphone.
Could this be used in any tense. for example, "they are reading" or "they have read"?
Look at my answer to kkpaiges. All regular verbs ending in -ere are conjugated in the same way. There are similar conjugation endings for -are and -ire verbs.