"Whose pants are those?"
Translation:Wiens broek is dat?
Why is "broeken" not used? And since "broek" is a "de" word why is "dat" used instead of "die"? Is "Wiens broeken zijn die" incorrect? Or, if the singular "broek" must be used, why is the translation not "Wiens broek is die"? I'd really appreciate some help with this. Thank you.
Hello! I’m fluent in Dutch but I’m no expert on grammar, but here it goes anyways. So in Dutch we don’t say ‘pants’ with the idea that it is a pair of pants, but just a singular pant. So pants would be broek. The plural of multiple pants would be broeken. Honestly nobody says ‘wiens’ in my experience. I always say ‘wie z’n broek is dat’ or ‘wie ze broek is dat’. That’s obviously not grammatically correct but how I speak everyday. The word ‘dat’ in this case just sounds more natural and I have no idea if there’s an official rule for it,, hope this helped, if you have more questions feel free to ask!
I'd be interested to see the grammatical reason for "is dat" and not "is die"
If you phrase it differently:
- Het is zijn broek
- Dat is zijn broek
- Dit is zijn broek
- Van wie is het/dit/dat?
- Wiens broek is het/dit/dat?
Thanks, however, my question is because it is a 'de' word. And for a 'de' word, you use 'die' and 'deze' .. But of course 'de is zijn broek' does not make sense, so it is confusing. Thanks
Well I can’t think of a situation where you would use ‘die’ at the end of a sentence where the object is clear. You could say “ik wil die” or “ik wil die broek”, “wil je die?” The ‘die’ here is emphasizing the fact that it’s that pair of pants and not some other pair. I can give more examples how to use die, but I think the difficulty here is that we don’t have a word like that in english
As far as I got it, it's because it's used with a link/copulative verb. Had the verb been an 'ordinary' verb, then it would have been possible to use die. At least, that's what I have understood this far.
Anyway, here's a very useful link where you can find more information (the article is a few pages long): http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.De01
Hope this helps!