"Although the weather is bad, the children are playing outside the house."

Translation:Kvankam la vetero estas malbona, la infanoj ludas ekster la domo.

June 22, 2015



Can one say "Kvankam la vetero estas malbona, la infanoj ludas eksterdome"?

June 22, 2015



June 22, 2015



June 23, 2015


Where does the word "kvankam" come from? I am having difficulty remembering that it means "although"

August 16, 2015


It's from the Latin, quamquam. https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/quamquam But not very helpful in remembering "although"

August 22, 2015


I translated this as Malgraux la vetero malbonas, la geknaboj ludas ekster la domo. It flagged Malgraux as incorrect. I tend to use malgraux and kvankam interchangeably and almost always use Malgraux in as kvankam just sounds rather odd to me. It seems to me to be a functional equivalent. It is expressing the idea that not withstanding the tornado down the street, the kids are enjoying themselves in the back yard as long as they can....

Just a side note for one who knows more than I about Esperanto. Is malgraux the opposite of graux, and if so what does graux mean?

September 29, 2015


According to Lernu's vortaro, "malgraŭ" is not a compound word; it doesn't mean the opposite of "graŭ" despite looking like it. In fact, it seems that "graŭ" isn't a word at all.

October 4, 2015


malgraŭ most probably comes from french "malgré" in which mal actually indicates the opposition with gré [Latin grātum, from grātus (“agreeable”)] which means will, liking, satisfaction, pleasure. So malgré means against my (or somebody's) will, liking, satisfaction, pleasure.

October 17, 2017


I know you can say "Kvankam la vetero estas malbona, la infanoj ludas ekster la domo."

But what's wrong about "Kvankam la vetero estas malbona, la infanoj estas ludas ekster la domo."

I'm sorry if the answer is obvious. I think there must be something about the use of "estas" that I just don't understand yet. There's something I'm assuming from english, I guess.

Multaj dankon!

July 25, 2017


It looks like your sentence comes by analogy with the present progressive tense in English: "I am playing". In this example, notice how only "am" is in the present tense, while "playing" is a present participle (the form that ends in -ing). As far as I know, in either Esperanto or English, only the first verb should ever be in the present tense, which is why "estas ludas" is incorrect.

However, Esperanto does have a similar tense, which is formed with "estas ___anta"; in this case "la infanoj estas ludanta". However, it seems to be rarely used, according to the discussion at https://www.duolingo.com/comment/19810506/Present-progressive-in-Esperanto

July 28, 2017


I'm trying to understand why it's ekster and not ekstere. Isn't it working like an adverb here?

November 11, 2017


Ekster is a preposition. It is showing where the playing is occurring in relation to the house. So if they were playing in the house you might use another preposition:

Pro la malbona vetero, la infanoj ludas en la domo.

July 30, 2018
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