17 komentářů Tato diskuse je zamčená.
Pokiaľ viem, return môže byť použité aj vo význame "Vracím" teda bez se a nemusí to byť len zvratné sloveso. E.g. I return this shirt, because it's too small. Je to správne?
No, ale prave musite vracet neco. Tady chybi predmet a proto neni takova interpretace vety mozna.
Tam by v Aj musel byt ten predmet, ktery vracite, nejak naznacen. Ono I v cestine bez kontextu, kdyz reknete 'vracim', tak se automaticky kazdy zepta 'co'.
Takze "Vracim to" by bylo 'I return it" nebo 'I am returning it"
Nikoliv. Nevim, jestli vyraz 'opravili' ma znamenat, ze vam system navrhnul jeste jiny preklad, nebo jak, ale tam neni jedna ze spravnych odpovedi 'ja se nevracim', ale je tam 'ja se NAVRACIM'.
Znám kdo reflexive verb je, but now it's a matter of how to properly do it in Czech.
Of course to make things worse 'vratit' can be both reflexive and non-reflexive.
To return something - non reflexive to return somewhere - reflexive.
What I'm trying to say is, I've seen more than 1 Czech reflexive pronoun. When do I use which (sorry to be a pain and thanks for your patience with me)
Tricky question. Because I am not sure :D It is difficult to teach your native language. In most cases it seems that you use reflexive version when you talk about self. Not always yourself but an action somebody did on their own behalf.
Cist si - to read to oneself
Vratit se - to return oneself (weird I know but the meaning is there).
Divat se and also Koukat se - both mean watch something and here it seems that my claim of doing something for self is entirely pulled out of my sleeve, which, of course, it is.
There must be some logic though to it. I am learning french and their reflexive verbs match czech reflexive verbs in most cases. Considering those are two quite different groups of languages though related it, there is something that makes reflexive verbs reflexive.
Quite a verbal barf I created here. Not helfpul at all. :D
My experience with learning the reflexive has been that there are certain rules like what kacenka9 said, but they don't always work, which is why she feels like she might just be guessing about the rules. What has helped me the most is lists of most common verbs that claim to be reflexive, with se or si attached to them, along with those verbs used in sentences.. But in the end the ones that stuck in my head the best were the ones I heard people saying all the time. If you can get your hands on this book written by Czechs for English speaking people: Do You Want to Speak Czech?/Chcete mluvit česky? (1), it would help you with so many grammatical questions. And it comes with CDs so you hear it spoken. The format and teaching style has worked well for me, an American. It teaches grammar more by examples than explantaions, but also includes essential charts, that you can't live without.
an example from my Czech textbook:
mýt to wash
matka myje syna - mother washes her son
mýt se - to wash oneself myju se I wash myself
mýt si něco- to wash (to one's self) - something myju si obličej I wash my face