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Someone from the Northern hemisphere please correct me if I'm wrong, but Summer actually runs from June to August, not May until August. At least the northern hemisphere Summer solstice is in June, not May. So, for all those in the Southern hemisphere, although the correct translation of this sentence is "Summer is from May to August", this is as a point of fact incorrect.
Hey drewarnold! You are absolutely correct. Summer starts in June (in the Northern Hemisphere), and a lot of Brazilians could get it wrong. About our own summer, most know it is around January and February-ish, but we don't know for sure because the weather only really changes for a month or so. And people from the northern hemisphere, especially those who are in some sort of school, might feel it starts in May, and say something like this. Either way, "duolingo facts" are not reliable, and I just imagine hearing things in conversation. People could often be corrected, even in other languages... so we might as well learn. =)
Haha, really strange for someone like me in the northern hemisphere, that someone who is born in February actually is born in summer! I, myself, am born in February and for me it's always been wintertime :-/ :-D
Someday I have to visit Brazil around my birthday, so I can get what it's like to be born in summer :-)
It seems that the Irish calendar puts summer from May 1 until August 1 ! Meteorological service in Ireland puts summer as June, July and August.
Reckoning by hours of daylight, summer solstice is however not the beginning of summer but its midpoint. Yet in North America reckoning based on astronomical markers is shifted half a season so that summer is from the summer solstice to the autumn equinox.
The standard timing of the seasons varies from culture to culture. In anglophone North America, people tend to say that each season "officially" (although it is not official) starts on its solstice or equinox, but often only to notice that it "really" (following the weather) started earlier. Of course, the weather varies from year to year, and no timing will always work. If they think that summer starts in May in Portugal or Brazil, there is no arguing with that.
In the US it likely comes from the fact that school children are released for the Summer break just after Memorial Day which is the last Monday in May, but college students will be released even earlier in May.
While the school children return in most parts just after Labor Day which is the first Monday of September. But some schools start earlier, and some colleges start much later, as in end of September, or even beginning of October.
So yeah, for students, and their parents the summer is based on the school year, not the amount of daylight, which really declines a little bit every day once summer officially starts. :(
Could be referring to a summer session (school or camp), or to the period of warm weather in a certain region, or to the summer season of a resort, rather than the calendar definition. (A fair bit of this seems focused on short term schooling or employment, which makes some sense, for their likely user-base.)
You could use "começa" instead of 'vai' if it was "starts", but it would give a blurred concept to the fragment. How would the start of the Summer last for three whole months?
There are only two possible translations for this sintence:
O verão vai de maio até agosto. O verão é de maio até agosto.
It wouldn't work here, but if you were to say so:
O verão começa em maio e termina em agosto. (the summer starts in may and ends in august)
O verão começa em maio e dura até agosto. (the summer starts in may and lasts until august)
O verão começa em maio e vai até agosto. (the summer starts in may and goes up to august)