Thats how I remember the word for staircase.
... My method of remembering words is a bit convoluted... :)
This seems like an imperative. It seems like it should be, "Atentu, estas ŝtupo!".
Then you can write: Atentu la ŝtupon! But most language prefer the noun: Vorsicht! (German), Attenzione! (Italian), Attention ! (French), ¡Cuidado! (Spanish) etc.
"Atentu" and "Atenton" are essentially synonyms in this context.
Atentu! Sxtupo! = Atenton! Sxtupo!
Shouldn't that be "tie estas ŝtupo"? "Estas ŝtupo" alone only tells the the step exists.
In combination with "atenton" "estas ŝtupo" is enough. To add "tie" is not necessary. The word "there" in the English translation is necessary for pecularities of the English grammar only.
I tend to agree, however, I'm thinking that this is the sort of thing that gets said a lot as people are trying to blurt out meaningful warnings in a short sudden amount of time.
You could also say "jen sxtupo."
Wouldn't "jen ŝtupo" sound more like someone showing someone else the step (as in, pointing it out physically or "introducing" the person to the step), whereas "estas ŝtupo" is the more general statement of "a step exists" (i.e. something you would see on a warning sign)?
Just seeing these replies now, I think. "Estas ŝtupo" means basically "a step exists". A year later, I'm feeling a little more forgiving of this sentence. "There is a step (here)" or "There is a step (in your way)" seems to be the intended meaning - and warnings by their nature are often brief.
If I were walking with you, I could certainly say "Atentu! Jen ŝtupo" as a gesture to a step ... to "introduce" you to the step that might cause you a problem.
When asking for attention in this manner you do not typically point out the location. You certainly could but even in English when we say "there is a step" we usually mean "a step exists" instead of "a step exists in that location". Often when we do rwfer to location we add that information as well, even though it can be understood without doing so. E.g. "There is a step there" or "there was a step there." This additional information is usually superfluous but lets other speakers know we are referring to location just like the Epseranto "tie estas ŝtupo"
Right - you 'd have to say "there's a step there".
I also want to know if this is on a sign or if someone is speaking.