I'll just leave these here... (Alt codes!)
To use these bad boys, hold down the alt key and type in the numbers on the numeric keypad (The block of numbers on the right side of the keyboard, not the string of numbers above the letters). Simple~!
ü = Alt 129
é = Alt 130
á = Alt 160
í = Alt 161
ó = Alt 162
ú = Alt 163
ñ = Alt 164
Ñ = Alt 165
Á = Alt 0193
É = Alt 0201
Í = Alt 0205
Ó = Alt 0211
Ú = Alt 0218
¿ = Alt 168
¡ = Alt 173
Let me know if I missed any, and I'll update the list~!
I use the "United States-International" keyboard, which you can set up in a few mouse clicks. But, it doesn't have Œ (Alt-0140) or œ (Alt-0156).
Although these ligatures are required in French, Duolingo accepts oe, so you really don't need these characters. These are the only characters in French and Spanish that the US-International keyboard doesn't have.
Yes I agree, an International Keyboard is the way to go.
It is easy to type accents on a PC by adding an international keyboard. (Mac & Mobile are different, obviously. This is for PC.)
Go to Control Panel > Languages > Keyboards > Add > US International (or UK Extended or similar). After adding the keyboard, click the Language Bar Tab and check the option that docks it in the Taskbar. To switch between the international keyboard and your old one, click the icon in the taskbar.
To type ñ, hold the Alt key down while typing n. Same for á, é, í, ó, ú and so on. Use this image to learn the key combinations: http://www8.cs.umu.se/~hegner/Misc/Windowskb/windows0x.png (These directions are for PC.)
Great instructions, thank you! I didn't even know about the Alt key uses (except for ¿ and ¡). Note that it has to be the right Alt key. I have just been using ' and then the vowel and other similar combinations. Have a lingot!
You're quite welcome. It /is/ cool, isn't it?. It's so easy. With practice it's just as fast as normal typing. I make a point to type all accents in order to help me learn the language.
Spanish and Italian are easy:
ñ = Alt n (Press Right-Alt and letter at the same time)
á = Alt a
é = Alt e
í = Alt i
ó = Alt o
ú = Alt u
è = ` [then] e
Portuguese takes a little more effort:
ã = Shift `(~), [then] a
ê = Shift 6(^), [then] e
ç = Alt , (comma)
See the image I posted earlier. All of the key combinations are there. Once you learn them it is as fast as regular typing.
One final point. You have to activate the International Keyboard for each document/application that you are in. That's why it's helpful to doc it in the taskbar, to make it easy to turn on/off quickly as needed.
DeanG6: For various French and Spanish characters, you can also do the following, which I've found easy (note that there's no need to hold any keys or wait for a pop-up as on Mac; just type them in sequence as quickly as you want):
á – ' (apostrophe) then a
é – ' then e
í – ' then i
ó – ' then o
ú – ' then u
ü – " then u
ç – ' then c
à – ` (reverse apostrophe) then a
ô – ^ then o
All the above work the same way for capital letters, also.
OK, thanks. I've read multiple sources that say that there is an actual linguistic difference between oe, oë, oé, oè, and œ. In other words, you're changing the actual words and phonemes when you use or don't use the ligature. Perhaps actual usage (common or informal) is different. But I have barely begun my study of French.
(EDIT: I was responding to a comment that PaCa826187 had made above, but he subsequently replaced it. Not a big deal; just clarifying my response.)
I think you're probably right. I'm finding it hard to come up with printed examples.
Thank you very much! I have found a couple programs or add-ons for the web browser and of course knew about the character map but none of them are as quick and simple as that little trick of your's right there! now maybe I'll be more motivated to actually put the accents where they belong in the words hehe..
You're welcome. Have a lingot! (I'm feeling generous since DL brought back the streak lingots.)
EDIT (2 July 15): I upvoted your comment. Now it has a net of zero for up- and downvotes. I don't know why someone would have downvoted it.
hehe, well I guess that replaces the one I gave you for the tip! really!? (I'm mid-span on a 10 day so I haven't seen or at least noticed yet) I personally think that it's great news! people wont feel so stingy about letting people know what content they really are thankful for and at the same time they can still get the progress test without having to save for it!. Edit: I just noticed we actually have the same streak count! that's pretty cool to see!
See my thread here: https://www.duolingo.com/#comment/9331188. Someone actually gave me 147 lingots for the ones I missed during the (ridiculous) A/B test. That's amazing that we have the same streak. Mine started just a few days after I joined DL. I think I missed a day in the early going before I understood the system.
Here are just about all the codes you'll ever need! It includes Windows, Mac, Linux, alternate keyboards, HTML, and more. This page is for French, but you can easily navigate to other languages:
I've used the Windows US-International keyboard for many months for Spanish and French, and it's easier than Alt codes and seems easier than the Mac, Linux, and others (fewer key presses).
I haven't tried to change my keyboard, because I'm afraid something will break. xD But I could give it a try~
It's harmless. You can switch between keyboards easily and you can turn them on or off entirely very easily, too. Do you know how? I can provide instructions here or on your profile. (remoonline's post above has a link to instructions, too.)
Dang, that's baroque. You mean it takes 4-5 keystrokes to get a single character? I'd go bonkers.
On a Mac, it's Option-e for a ´accent, after which you can type whatever letter you want the accent on (so, option-e + i =í, option-e + E=É, etc.).
ñ = Opt-n + n
¨ over a character (e.g. ü) = opt-u + character
ˆ over a character = opt-i + character.
å = opt-a
ø = opt-o
..and so forth. Max three keystrokes, and all of them intuitive, rather than memorizing random-looking codes. Is it possible there's a parallel way to do keystroke diacriticals for Windows, and we just don't know it?
The United States-International keyboard, which is available in Windows with just a few menu selections (takes less than a minute to set up initially; after that, you can toggle it on in the task bar with a single click, and you don't have to turn it off), has all the characters you need for French and Spanish (and probably many other languages) except the oe ligature. The characters can all be created with two key presses (plus a shift, for a few of them). Easy!
See my post below for accute accents in Windows. I think the alt gr system in Linux is the best. Makes the most sense. atlgr+e+" = ë, altgr+n+~ = ñ, altgr+c+, = ç etc.
I've looked and tried, but I haven't found an alternative for Windows yet. If one is ever found, it will be a joyous day.
In case it wasn't clear, I was criticizing Windows, not you. Considering what they put you through, you've done a real public service by collecting things here. I was just boggling that that was the best they had to offer.
Oh, I didn't take it against myself. I was just responding that I hadn't found another option yet, and figured I would help others by posting this. Seriously, if Windows can make getting alt characters easier, it will be a super joyous day.
It's easier than the other options if you just use the US-International keyboard.
Just set that up. That's a thing of beauty. The Mac system isn't bad, but the US-International is even better. It's also visually similar to what my Android phone does, which makes it even more intuitive. Thank you!
I'm using a Mac too. I don't know if you already know but there is an alternative way to do this. By holding down the letter key (say, e) you get a small pop-up with alternative options/forms for the letter (such as è é ê and so on). Then, you press 2 to get é. Two keystrokes :)
Thanks for the list. I knew there were codes for these, but didn't know what they were.
If you hold down a key in Windows, it just repeats that letter at speed. Just out of interest, is there a way to do that on a Mac?
I guess you can turn this off through the Terminal if you want. By the way, I'm pretty sure there are some Windows apps which do exactly that too. :)
Yeah, I used to use Linux so I'd prefer to have the compose key they have in that in Windows. It made a lot of sense atlgr+e+" = ë, altgr+n+~ = ñ, altgr+c+, = ç etc. There may be a way to do that in Windows but I haven't made the effort to research it.
In Windows, you can get áéíóú by holding down ctrl and alt and pressing the relevant letter - or even easier, just alt gr on it's own. May not work for everyone.
...I just tried it. It doesn't work. I just thought it would speed up the process if one knew the codes and used them, rather than using the mouse to click on the appropriate letter. When I'm in the middle of typing and I have a time limit, it frustrates me to take my hand off of the keyboard and use the mouse to click a letter. xD But so far, I have remembered á é í ó ú ñ Ñ É, even though I can't remember ü and the capital accent letters. One of these days...
If you have the US keyboard, try changing to the US International keyboard layout.
Yeah, I think it depends on what version of Windows you have. What I used to do is keep the common ones in the clipboard and then just paste them all in and delete all but the revelant one.