So the way I see it.. we put the "ki" after "benim" to indicate that we're still talking about the same thing.. Does that make sense?
Pretty much....it actually about that exactly same as "mine" "yours" etc. in English.
So, we use ki when the posesive pronoun is not followed by a noun? And when there is a noun, there's no need to use ki?
Why isn't Turk acceptable?
"Baris's mother is Turk" is incorrect English. You can say "Baris's mother is a Turk" however.
So what's the difference between the suffix 'ki' and 'in' ?
-ki is used to form the possessive pronouns (mine, yours, etc. etc.). :)
But could you say ''benim Alman'ım'' instead?
Definitely not. That doesn't make any sense :) You put the 1st person sing. personal ending on the end of a 3rd person sing. concept.
Isn't it ''my german'' then?
Yep...I guess it could be used as a "pet name" for a loved one :D