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Spanish Subjunctive of the Day - July 2, 2015

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Today I am going to talk about hypothetical or contrary-to-the fact statements that require subjunctive in the subordinate clause.

Structures:

{ main clause } + si + { imperfect/pluperfect subjunctive }
{ main clause } + como si + { imperfect/pluperfect subjunctive }

We have already seen como si (as if) as an adverbial clause before so I am going to concentrate on si (if) clauses using this form. For como si click here

Typically, the main clause is constructed in conditional mood and is often translated to English as would. This is a big tip-off if you are doing translations.

At this moment it is also worth mentioning that normally si clauses referring to the present (cause-effect) situations use indicative mood.

Examples:

Si yo fuera rico, conseguiría una maestra personal de español - If I were rich, I would get a personal Spanish teacher (Note the use of were in English)

Comería un trozo más si no hubieran comido todo pastel - I would eat one more slice if they had not eaten all of the cake

Ella habría ido a la fiesta si hubiera recibido su invitación - She would have gone to the party if she had received her invitation

¿Qué harías si te hubieras tocado la lotería - What would you do if you won the lottery?

¿Te pondría más alegre si Duolingo tuviera más ejercicios de los subjuntivos con las cláusulas adverbiales? - Would you be happier if Duolingo had more subjunctive exercises with adverbial clauses?

Un coche le podría atropellar si él cruzara la autopista interestatal a pie - A car might run over him if he were to cross the interstate highway on foot (again pay attention to the use of were in English)


Link to Spanish Subjunctive of the Day - July 1, 2015: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9362591

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