1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Esperanto
  4. >
  5. "Ĉu vi ŝatis vian lernejon?"

"Ĉu vi ŝatis vian lernejon?"

Translation:Did you like your school?

July 4, 2015



"Kiun lernejon?"


Oops, you're right. Would "Kio lernejo?" be correct as well?


No; "kio" is a pronoun, not an adjective/determiner, so it can't modify a following noun.

Many English determiners are also pronouns and vice versa, but not so in many other languages.

One example where they are separate is possession - "your book" but "this book is yours".

So your sentence would sound as reasonable in Esperanto as "Yours book" would in English - simply the wrong kind of word for that position.

And "Kiu lernejo?" wouldn't be correct in this context, either -- right kind of modifier, but wrong case.

It would be fine in a context that demanded nominative case, of course - such as "Ĉu via lernejo estas bona?" - "Kiu lernejo?"


Oh, so kiu is the adjective… I think I understand now. Also, I guess I'm still grappling with Esperanto's application of nominative and objective case to adjectives—which, at least from my perspective, is rather strange. Thank you for the explanation! :)


Well, kiu has two functions, one of them being the interrogative adjective.

It's also an interrogative pronoun but only for people. "Kiu manĝas kukon?" - Who is eating cake?


Ne. Estis tro multe homoj


Is there a difference between "Ĉu vi ŝatis sian lernejon?" kaj "Ĉu vi ŝatis vian lernejon?"


Yes: the first one is ungrammatical.

sia only refers back to a third-person subject — like in Scandinavian languages and unlike in Slavic languages.


Would it be grammatical if it meant that, though? Like in English ”do you like his school?” if, for example, you had just been discussing your child who just started school, and the question was asking if you liked your child's school?


“His” would be lian then.


No, it would be correct to use "sian" if the question were: "Does the child like his school?" That would be: "Ĉu la infano ŝatas sian lernejon?" You use "sia" when the phrase means "his (or her/its/their) own whatever."

Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.