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  5. "Hangi şapkanın benim olduğun…

"Hangi şapkanın benim olduğunu biliyorum."

Translation:I know which hat is mine.

July 4, 2015



I still don't understand the -nin on sapka. What is the function of that?


It's the "owner" of *olduğu".

The Turkish is literally something like "I know which-hat's-being-mine". So the "being" is nounified and sort of "belongs" to "which hat": it is not "my being" or "his being" but "which hat's being" that I know.


Alright, that's gonna take some time to sink in, but I'll manage. thanks for the quick reply


English does something similar with "My being late angered the host", where "I am late" turns into "my being late", with "am" (finite verb) turning into a noun (gerund) and the subject into that noun's possessor.


I found this a lot easier to wrap my head around if I left out the hangi and thought about a specific hat:

Şapkanın benim olduğunu biliyorum -- I know of the hat's being mine

As soon as I put the hangi back in it gets 10 times harder, but I'm getting there!


Can someone break down the grammar of this sentence

"benim oldugunu biliyorum" specifically?


You can't take just that part of the sentence; the "Benim" is not connected to either of those words but the "olduğunu" is connected to the "şapkanın" so you need to include at least that.

Hangi şapka: which hat.

olduk: which is, that is, is (in a relative clause).

Hangi şapkanın ... olduğu: "..., which hat". The şapka gets a genitive ending and the olduk gets a possessive ending as normal for "noun's noun" combinations.

Hangi şapka benim: which hat is mine

Hangi şapkanın benim olduğu: "..., which hat is mine".

biliyorum: I know.

....olduğunu: same as ...olduğu plus buffer -n- needed between third person possessive marker and case marker, plus accusative case marker -u.

Hangi şapkanın benim olduğunu: "..., which hat is mine" (in accusative case)

Hangi şapkanın benim olduğunu biliyorum: "I know which hat is mine".


Thank you for your thorough answer! It's very helpful. I need to work on my Turkish cases again, because I have clearly forgotten them.


so do these two sentences means completely the same thing? 1. Hangi şapka benim olduğunu biliyorum 2. Hangi şapkanın benim olduğunu biliyorum


no, it has to be Hangi şapkanın benim olduğunu, I believe mizinamo just had a typo


Thanks; I've tried to correct my comment above.


Why not : I know which is my hat?


It is just strange English. "which" is like an adjective and when it is in a subordinate clause, you cannot separate it from "hat"


Thanks,excuse me,I am not british !


4 years late but i would say this is completely equivalent to "I know which hat is mine" which is the suggested answer above. it is probably less common though and to be fair you can't expect duo to have every possible wording of an answer. but i would not say it is strange or non-standard english


Took me half an hour to wrap my head around this :D It finally made sense when i looked at it as:

şapkanın olduğu - the being OF THE hat; şapkanın olduğunu biliyorum: i know THE being OF THE hat; what is the hat being? benim - mine.


Would 'Hangi şapkanımın olduğunu biliyorum.' work also as a translation?


Nope, that doesn't make sense :)


İs it possible to translate this sentence with ''ki'' like '' Hangi şapka benimki biliyorum''??


I think biliyorum has to have an accusative tense word to act upon, therefore you have to have olduğunu.


can I still say Hangi şapkanın benim biliyorum?


really it is a very complex sentence i spent nearly one hour to understand the word construction and reading the comments

but i cant understand what it is this olduğnu and why should we separate the noun_ noun complex by benim


What helped me to understand this was looking at the question left when you break off the "I know":

  • Hangi şapka benim(dir)? = Which hat is mine?
  • Hangi şapkanın benim olduğunu biliyorum. = I know which hat is mine.

The dir and olduğunu both correspond to the verb "to be." The most literal translation of the Turkish sentence would be something like, "Which hat's mine-being I-know." Olduğunu breaks down like this:

  • ol = root of olmak (to be/become)
  • duğ = -(i)DIk object participle suffix
  • u = -(s)I possessive suffix
  • nu = -(s)I definite accusative suffix, with the n buffer that is used between suffixes

It might help to think of benim as being teamed up with the verb here, as in "benim olmak" = "to be mine".


I don't know what's wrong with "I don't know which hat is mine". I'm getting the meaning of the sentence so I don't see why my answer isn't acceptable


I don't know what's wrong with "I don't know which hat is mine".

Why did you use the word "don't"?

Which part of the Turkish sentence were you translating with that word?


Anyone else having difficulty distinguishing between the speech bot's "m" and "n" in this skill? It seems to be more robotic and indecipherable than usual...

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