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What is the difference between isst and frisst?

Hi guys, I'd like to know : firstly:- The difference between isst and frisst? Secondly:- The difference between beide and beiden? Thirdly:- The difference between alle and alles? Lastly:- The difference between Hüte and Hüten? Danke

July 5, 2015



Isst and frisst are conjugated forms of essen and fressen, respectively. Essen is used when a person eats, and fressen is used when an animal eats; fressen can also be used for a person if said person is eating like an animal.

Beide is used as the plural form with nominative and genitive, without a definite article (the). Beiden is used after a definite article (the) in any case. Look up a declension table for beide.

I'm having trouble explaining alle and alles, but I'll give a couple simple examples and I hope those will help. "Man muss dir alles erklären", "Alles ist sehr gut", "Alle Männer sind witzig", "Freiheit für alle Menschen".

Hüte is the plural of Hut in the nominative, accusative and genitive; Hüten is the plural of Hut in the dative case.

I hope this helps!


"Essen" can also be used for non-human animals (e.g. pet owners often do this). The difference between "essen" and "fressen" (which mean exactly the same thing, namely "(to) eat") isn't in who does the eating, but in the connotation: "Essen" is neutral, while "fressen" refers to an uncivilised way of eating. Since non-human animals are often regarded as uncivilised by default, "fressen" is often used for them, but that is not the defining aspect of the verb "fressen".


Beiden could also be dative plural without article (Ich habe beiden Kindern Kuchen gegeben; Ich habe ihn beiden gegeben).


"Hüten" is not only plural dative of "Hut". There is also a verb "hüten", which means "to tend (animals, e.g. a flock of sheep)", "to watch (children)". Its nounified form is "das Hüten".


I like to think of "essen" (isst) as "eat" and "fressen" (frisst) as "feed on". Even if "fressen" and "feed on" aren't cognates, it paints the picture of something eating with animal-like behavior.


Thank you very for such a nice explanation :)


Thanks for the detail, i felt it is alike, but wanted to be positive


Thanks for your great reply.


For "alles" and "alle", maybe it helps if you think of them as strictly "everything" and "every __" or "everyone", respectively.

"Everything is fine." -- "Alles ist gut/okay."

"I like everything on the menu." -- "Ich mag alles auf der Speisekarte."

"Every cat is cute." -- "Alle Katzen sind süß."

"Every child likes to play." -- "Alle Kinder spielen gern."

"Everyone here is nice." -- "Alle hier sind nett."

(Note that "alle" can change depending on its case, for example in "I want to help everyone." -- "Ich will allen helfen.")


Nicely explained. I think I will not confuse again for Alle and Allen.


Then Alle or Allen means everyone or every ---- and Alles means Everything. But, if there is a noun after alle we must put a plural noun, musn't we Like :- Alle Hunde mögen Knochen And :- Alles ist unter Kontrolle Is that right?

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