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Esperanto Question Mnemonics

Hi, I was wondering if anybody knows any good mnemonics for Esperanto question words. To me, they are the most confusing part of the language (everything else is pretty straightforward).

Feel free to hand-write some or post some links.

By the way, Esperanto is not my best language (I specialize in Spanish), so if they could be explained as simply as possible, I would greatly appreciate it.

July 6, 2015



I'm not sure if this is the sort of thing you're asking for, but what helped me a lot was understanding how the correlatives table works: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Esperanto/Appendix/Table_of_correlatives

So instead of trying to memorize each word individually by, like, brute force, you think of them as compound words, or affixes--just the same way that other words work in Esperanto. So, for instance, ki- means what and -e is place, so kie is what place; that is, where. Similarly, -am is time, so kiam is what time, or when, and so on. It means that even if you forget what a particular word means (I, for instance, routinely mix up "kial" and "kiel"), you can figure it out by taking the word apart and examining its pieces.


Thank you, @KateVinee and @Scaramouche73. I think that really helped me with my Esperanto vocabulary and comprehension.


Also, this may require a separate discussion altogether, but does anyone know any good Esperanto communities so I can get good practical experience?



http://www.verduloj.com is worth a look. Pretty new and still quite small, but it is growing. It's very beginner-friendly and welcoming. My user name there is ricxjo


There's also http://esperanto.com --I don't have any firsthand experience with it, so I don't know what the community is like or anything. Does anybody here use it?


Little tricks help. The first five affixes can be memorised easily enough Ki- = why what where etc Ti- = that there those etc i- = some ĉi- = all/every and Neni- = negative.

The nine suffixes can be learned by mnemonics for example -am represents time so I remember this reminding myself that AM relates to the morning which is a TIME of day. So kiam means WHAT-TIME or when Tiam means THAT-TIME or then. Iam means Sometime ĉiam means ALL the TIME or always neniam means NEVER.

-om represents quantity so it's an amount or as I remember it....an OMount.

Kiom = how much Tiom = that much Iom = some Ĉiom= all Neniom = none

I'm sure you'll find the best reminder hints to suit you.

Apparently these 45 correlatives make up 10% of the overall comprehension as they are used so frequently so mastering these will make reading Esperanto texts so much easier


Also found this useful test for the correlatives too

Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.