What is the difference between bord and tábla for table. Bord seems to be a more broad word for table or counter etc. Any advantages to using it over tábla?
No difference and no advantage — they’re synonymous. Each word has certain uses that the other doesn’t, though; like English, from which both words came, bord can be used in nautical senses (such as “on board”), and tábla can be used for organized lists (such as a multiplication table).