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"Plants are growing from the earth."

Translation:El la tero kreskas plantoj.

July 6, 2015



Can one say Plantoj kreskas de la tero?


Yes, it was accepted for me


This didn't work for me. Ugh


Strange because on the multiple choice you must select "Plantoj kreskas de la tero" if it appears.


Why not 'El la tero plantoj kreskas'?


That's correct. Duo just didn't have it in the system as a correct answer (yet?)


Adding every possible correct answer would make the course tree too unweildly to maintain.


Why is "Plantoj kreskas de la tero." correct? As I know "de" means posession.


Possession is just one use of de.

A bit like "of" in English - in "the son of my mother's brother", it shows possession, while in "lots of love" or "he is afraid of the dark" or "because of the rain", it does not.

The basic difference between de and el as spatial prepositions is that el is "from out of" while de is more generally "from", or perhaps "from next to".


What is the difference between El and De, someone remind me?


Basically, el = from out of, from the inside of;de = from (more generally, or from beside, from next to).


Why not "kreskixgas"?


kreski is already intransitive and means "grow" (in the sense of what the plant itself does, rather than what a farmer does to plants).


So does a farmer kreskigi plants???


So does a farmer kreskigi plants???

Yes, you could say that, though kultivi is a more specific verb for what a farmer does.


I'd say that this is one of a few very common usages of kreskigi. I even found this one in the context of kultiv-:

  • tiel ke unu kultivisto kreskigas kvaroblan kvanton da greno,


Why is 'estas kreski' incorrect here?


"Kreski" is the infinitive: "grow" or "to grow".

You don't use it together with "esti" to make compound verb forms like English "is doing".

It would be a bit as if you said "Plants are grow from the earth" in English.


Could one translate "they are to X" with estas+infinitive or is there another way to deal with that


What do you mean with "they are to X"?

Do you mean obligations, as in "They are to read this book by tomorrow and write an essay on it" ?

No, that doesn't work with "ili estas legi" or the like - you need something like "ili devas legi" (they have to read....) or "Oni ordonis al ili legi" (one has ordered them to read) or similar.

And future plans such as "They are to build a new hospital there next spring" would be "Ili konstruos novan malsanulejon tie la venontan printempon" with plain future (konstruos = will build).

Or do you mean something else?


dankon. I was referring to the future usage.


If you wanted to specifically use the present continuous tense here (ie to unambiguously mean 'are growing' (rather than 'kreskas' that can also mean 'grow')) you could indeed use a compound tense but it'd be 'estas kreskantaj' not 'estas kreski'.


estas kreskantaj, surely, not estas kreskanta, right? Since plantoj are plural.


Mi volas, ke ĝi sciu la vorton „grundo“ almenaŭ por la rapidaj „testantoj“ kiel mi :)


Also would be possible "plantoj kreskas el la grundo", isn't it?


Why does the verb need to be pluralized here?

[deactivated user]

    Esperanto verbs are the same in the singular and the plural. So "My plant grows" is "Mia planto kreskas", and "My plants grow" is "Miaj plantoj kreskas". The verb is "kreskas" in both cases. The only exception to this is in compound verb forms such as "estis krekanta" ("was growing"), which if the subject were plural, would be "estis kreskantaj".


    Because "plants" - the subject of the verb - is plural.


    This should be Plantoj kreskas el la tero.

    [deactivated user]

      I think "could be" would be more appropriate, because the word order can be varied in Esperanto without changing the meaning, so "Plantoj kreskas el la tero", "El la tero kreskas plantoj", "Plantoj el la tero kreskas" and "El la tero plantoj kreskas" all mean the same thing. Of course there are limits to this freedom of word order - we couldn't for instance say, "La kreskas el tero plantoj".

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