WHY is the term 'готувати' used to represent 'cooking', when 'готувати' clearly means 'to prepare'? I understand that one can 'prepare food', but then I'd use 'готувати їжу' or 'готувати страви', but not by itself. 'Готувати', sounds too general and incomplete. The word for 'cooking' in Ukrainian is 'варити'. 'Пекти' is 'to bake'. 'Смажити' is 'to fry'.
You can 'prepare' all the food you want for the next meal or for the next day (like they do in delicatessens & restaurants), or get your clothes ready 'prepare/готувати' for the next day, but 'готувати' doesn't 'sound right' alone. Please clarify. Дякую!
In literary Ukrainian, «готувати» is used in the meaning 'to cook' even without adding «їжу» and «страви».
But I agree that «варити» should be accepted too.
'After' is a preposition, it can be used with other nouns: 'after this'. But «потім» is not a preposition, at least not in literary Ukrainian: you can't say **потім цього, this is not correct. In literary Ukrainian, 'after' is «після»: після цього.
Both «потім» and «пізніше» should be accepted in this sentence.
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I am not sure if I, or someone else, asked this . . . is пізніше synonymous with потім?
Depends on context. Потім can mean "then": First I get up, then I take a shower - Спочатку я встаю, потім я приймаю душ. You can't use пізніше here.
Пізніше always mean "later" and generally can be substituted with потім. But I feel that if a person says you that (s)he'll do something пізніше, it will happen sooner than if (s)he told you потім :) Пізніше = not now, потім can be really indefinite point in future :)
Thanks for the distinction between пізніше and потім, now I have a good handle on it thanks to you! :)
Just one correction though - you want to use the word "then" rather than the word "than" when using the sentence "First I get up, then I take a shower." They sound similar but have different meanings ("than" usually indicates a comparison, i.e. "Rather than getting up, I decided to sleep late." or "I have more onions in my bag than you.", whereas "then" usually indicates time in a sequence of events, i.e. "First I get up, then I take a shower." or "After having eaten my meal, only then do I drink my espresso." ). English can be pretty hard that way, and we native English speakers even can get this wrong at times :)
Thank you! I know both words and yet confuse the spelling sometimes :(
Than - ніж, then - потім, тоді
Huh....I always thought 'ніж' was 'knife'....or at least that is what my grandparents called it!
Can I ask why пізніш has an 'е' at the end of it? Does it mean that the speaker is a female?
No, it's just a suffix for adverbs. A variant «пізніш» is possible too, but «пізніше» sounds a bit better to my ear.