"Tá uisce ón mbuachaill."
Translation:The boy wants water.
Where lies the difference between "wants" and "needs"? It seems I keep confusing the two and I don't see it somehow.
I agree, every time I get to a lesson that includes the above (needs/wants) I falter
Why is this "the" boy instead of "a" boy. I keep getting caught on that on other sentences so I am constantly looking for "an" or "na" and it wasn't here this time. Why is it "the"?
Does ó only cause an eclipse with the definite article? And lenition without it?
Yes. It's the same as ar. Though they both can cause lenition with the article, depending on the dialect.
. . . I'm honestly confused. Where does the "want" come into shape in this sentence? What part makes it "want"???
Irish is a gentle language. Want is a horrible word. they prefer to say "It is from me" or "it shines to me" rather than "I want it". Want is greed. Greed is bad.
What in the sentence tells you that the boy wants water is correct while a boy wants water is incorrect? Grammatically, how do you know that the definite article is correct versus the indefinite article?
What in the sentence tells a reader that the boy wants water and not a boy wants water? Grammatically, what tells a reader that the definite article is correct rather than the indefinite article?
ón is a contraction of ó and an.
Tá uisce ó bhuachaill - "A boy wants water"
Tá uisce ón mbuachaill - "The boy wants water"