"Mi timas, ke li forlasos min."

Translation:I am afraid that he will leave me.

July 9, 2015



Question: why is it forlasos rather than forlasus? We are not talking about a future event here, but about an incertainty, a possibility. Some languages would use a subjunctive here - not Esperanto?

July 9, 2015


Esperanto has not got a subjunctive. It uses the normal form. If it is unreal you can use the conditinal form "forlasus", but in this case the English sentence gives no hint for unreality.

July 9, 2015


No hint for unreality? On the contrary, nobody's leaving, there's just fear, so the leaving is at this stage perfectly unreal. That's when other languages use the form indicating unreality, usually called subjunctive, or jussive in Esperanto. I'm still confused. But it's true, an internet search gives me mostly 'mi timas ke ---os' and 'mi tesperas ke ---os', and very few examples with -us. So it is correct alright. I'm just trying to figure out why.

July 10, 2015


If it was that unreal you could use “would” in English. Happening in the future gives a uncertainty, but not necessarily unreality. But of course things are less clear than talking about the past.

July 10, 2015


Thank you. The trouble is, languages 'think' differently about these things. Esperanto apparently does not have the position that I at first believed to have. It is in this respect less similar to Spanish and Italian than I thought, and somewhat more similar to English.

July 10, 2015


Esperanto doesn't use subjunctive but rather volative/deontic mood.

July 10, 2015


Esperanto does in fact have a subjunctive. The ending -U is called the "Jussive" and it is the form that acts as both the imperative and the subjunctive moods

May 23, 2017


If you'd use "forlasus", then you should use timus as well.

"Mi timus, se li forlasus min" - note, that you can't use "ke" then, you need "se" - I'd be afraid, if he'd leave me.

You use this sentence if you are certain or if you are not certain! There is no difference here in Esperanto.

And we are talking about a future event here, when we use this sentence.

November 18, 2015


We are talking about a future event, hence the use of -os.

May 23, 2017


I think you mean the jussive - i.e. forlasu, rather than forlasus?

April 9, 2017


Indirect statements use the same verb forms as direct statements.

Direct: La voĉo de timo diras al mi: "Li forlasos vin."

Indirect: Mi timas, ke li forlasos min.

September 15, 2016


shame on you, Adamo!

November 15, 2016



November 13, 2017


I've been studying some Esperanto words outside Duolingo's course and I'd found the word "lasi" which I was told it translated as "leave". So, is it correct? Can "forlasi" and "lasi" be used indistinctly?

April 11, 2016


It's somehow similar to spanish "dejar", I would rather translate forlasi as "abandonar". Hope it's helpful.

April 25, 2016


The first sense of lasi is to let. Only in sentences like Lasu min! it is translated as Leave me alone.

April 15, 2016


Well if it's anything like the others are saying, then it's like using abandonar (Spanish) and laisser (French). And also, if you think about it, For means away or out if I remember correctly. So it's like "to leave away/go away/depart" etc. I would think of it almost as a sortir vs partir kind of situation as well. But this is also in it's own language and culture so you could even just disregard these parallels! :)

May 22, 2017


Forlasas is like the Dutch word 'verlaten'.

July 14, 2016


or the german word verlassen

April 19, 2017


Or the English word forsake?

October 4, 2018


Been there...

October 23, 2017


Why the comma always before ‘ke’?

March 19, 2018


So what are the differences between "forlasi", "lasi", and "eliri"? I know eliri is more like "exit" so it couldn't be used here, but could you say "forlasi" if you were, say, leaving a museum?

March 24, 2018


Eliri literally means ‘to go from’, because ‘iri’ plus ‘el’. Forlasi means ‘to abandon, forsake, or desert’. Lasi means ‘to leave [object]’; like ‘I left my book on my desk.’ So unless you want to abandon the museum, you would use eliri.

March 25, 2018


Thank you

April 6, 2018


Se vi amas iun, liberigu ilin.

January 26, 2019
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